Philosophy - Oxford Bibliographies

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Aquinas, Thomas

Christina Van Dyke

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

Thomas AquinasIntroductionThomas Aquinas (b. 1224/5–d. 1274) is the single most influential philosopher and theologian of the Middle Ages. Although be...

Argument Mapping

Michael Hoffmann

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-02-22

Argument MappingIntroductionThe term “argument mapping” needs to be clarified with regard to both of its components because “argument” as well as “map...

Art and Emotion

Filippo Contesi

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-11-29

Art and EmotionIntroductionThe study of the arts in philosophy has often concentrated on the role that emotions (and affective responses more generall...

Art and Knowledge

James O. Young

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

Art and KnowledgeIntroductionA long-standing debate in philosophy of art concerns the question of whether art is a source of knowledge. The debate can...

Art and Morality

Andrea Sauchelli

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

Art and Morality Introduction A great number of works of art, it is commonly claimed, are aesthetically valuable. Some philosophers have even ...


Maarten Franssen

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

Artifacts Introduction Leaving Aristotle aside, philosophical interest in artifacts as a general class of entities is recent and largely restr...


Matthew Weiner

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Assertion Introduction Assertion is one of the central kinds of speech act, typically carried out by the utterance of a declarative sentence, s...


Matt McCormick

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Atheism Introduction The term “atheist” describes a person who does not believe that God or a divine being exists. The sort of divine being t...


Giovanni Catapano

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2021-09-22

AugustineIntroductionAugustine of Hippo (Thagaste, b. 354–Hippo, d. 430 ce) brings the very person of the thinker onto the philosophical scene for the...

Aurelius, Marcus

John Sellars

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-07-28

Marcus Aurelius Introduction The Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (b. 121–d. 180) was the author of a series of philosophical reflections that ar...

Austin, J. L.

Guy Longworth

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-04-28

J. L. Austin Introduction John Langshaw Austin (b. 1911–d. 1960) was White’s Professor of Moral Philosophy at the University of Oxford. He mad...


James Stacey Taylor

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Autonomy Introduction In recent years the concept of autonomy has risen to prominence both in action theory and moral philosophy. The term “au...

Bacon, Francis

David Simpson

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-03-10

Francis Bacon Introduction Francis Bacon (b. 1561–d. 1626) is one of a select company of philosophers whose works have attracted the critical ...


Kenny Easwaran

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

BayesianismIntroductionBayesianism is a set of related views in epistemology, statistics, philosophy of science, psychology, and any other subject tha...


Jennifer A. McMahon

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-08-29

BeautyIntroductionPhilosophical interest in beauty began with the earliest recorded philosophers. Beauty was deemed to be an essential ingredient in a...


Pascal Engel

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Belief Introduction The problem of the nature of belief lies at the crossing of a number of fields of philosophical inquiry: philosophy of mi...

Bergson, Henri

Wahida Khandker

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-04-29

Henri Bergson Introduction Henri Bergson was one of the last philosophers belonging to the school of thinkers known as the French Spiritualist...

Berkeley, George

Daniel Flage, Kenneth Pearce

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

George BerkeleyIntroductionGeorge Berkeley (b. 1685–d. 1753) was an Irish philosopher best known for his defense of immaterialism, the thesis that per...

Biology, Philosophy of

Grant Ramsey, Hugh Desmond

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

Philosophy of BiologyIntroductionPhilosophy of biology is a branch of philosophy of science that centers on philosophical issues concerning biology. W...

Bolzano, Bernard

Sandra Lapointe

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-05-29

Bernard Bolzano Introduction Bernard Bolzano’s (b. 1781–d. 1848) originality and numerous anticipatory insights have deserved him a unique pos...

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