Renaissance and Reformation - Oxford Bibliographies

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Art, German

Jeffrey Chipps Smith

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

German ArtIntroductionGerman Renaissance art was vibrant, innovative, and at times powerfully emotional. “German,” as used here, refers to a linguisti...

Art, Spanish

Xanthe Brooke

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Spanish Art Introduction Most publications about the visual arts of the Iberian Peninsula have focused in the past on Spain’s so-called Golden ...

Artemisia Gentileschi

Jacqueline Marie Musacchio

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2021-06-23

Artemisia GentileschiIntroductionDuring the last four decades the painter Artemisia Gentileschi (b. Rome 1593—d. Naples 1654?) has become an increasin...

Artisans

James Farr

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Artisans Introduction The historiography of artisans and, to a lesser extent, apprentices in early modern Europe has experienced a renaissance...

Ascham, Roger

Jonathan Arnold

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-04-28

Roger AschamIntroductionRoger Ascham (b. 1514/15–d. 1568) is best known as a humanist scholar and author, who was royal tutor to the young Elizabeth I...

Askew, Anne

Jason Cohen

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2019-05-29

Anne AskewIntroductionAnne Askew was born of a notable Lincolnshire family and became a Protestant voice of radical reformation at the end of the reig...

Astell, Mary

Jacqueline Broad

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-07-30

Mary AstellIntroductionMary Astell (b. 1666–d. 1731) is widely considered to be one of the earliest English feminists. She is best known for her prose...

Astrology, Alchemy, Magic

Sheila J. Rabin

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2011-04-14

Astrology, Alchemy, MagicIntroductionScientific developments in the early modern period have traditionally been called the “scientific revolution,” em...

Augsburg

Mark Häberlein

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2020-05-27

AugsburgIntroductionThe imperial city of Augsburg figures prominently in the history and historiography of the Renaissance and the Protestant Reformat...

Austria

Joseph F. Patrouch

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Austria Introduction It is a challenge to define “Austria” in the 14th through the 17th centuries. On the one hand, the term refers to a geogr...

Avignon Papacy

Joëlle Rollo-Koster

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2018-04-26

Avignon PapacyIntroductionThroughout the Middle Ages, popes resided outside of Rome in cities like Viterbo or Anagni, often finding temporary refuge f...

Bacon, Francis

Sarah Covington

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2012-10-25

Francis BaconIntroductionNo one disputes the tremendous importance of Francis Bacon in the context of early modern natural, moral, and legal philosoph...

Banking and Money

Francesco Guidi Bruscoli

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Banking and Money Introduction Economic historians have published widely on the “crisis of the 14th century.” Money supply and monetary circulat...

Barbaro, Ermolao, the Younger

Craig Kallendorf

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2017-08-23

Ermolao Barbaro the YoungerIntroductionErmolao Barbaro the Younger (b. 1454–d. 1493) was born into a prominent Venetian family. His father, Zaccaria, ...

Barbaro, Francesco

Seth Parry

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-10-28

Francesco BarbaroIntroductionFrancesco Barbaro (b. 1390–d. 1454) was the preeminent Venetian humanist of the early 15th century. He was a senator and ...

Baron, Hans

Craig Kallendorf

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2018-05-24

Hans BaronIntroductionHans Baron (1900–1988), a German emigré scholar who spent the majority of his professional career in the United States, is the a...

Baroque

Anne H. Muraoka

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2013-02-26

BaroqueIntroductionThe Baroque is a name given to a style that dominated western Europe from the late 16th century to the mid-18th century (roughly 15...

Baroque Art and Architecture in Italy

Frances Gage

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-04-28

Baroque Art and Architecture in Italy Introduction Although the term baroque is most often applied to the visual arts, on which this article w...

Barzizza, Gasparino

Craig Kallendorf

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2016-01-21

Gasparino BarzizzaIntroductionIf, as the Renaissance scholar Paul Oskar Kristeller often argued, Renaissance humanism was primarily a movement designe...

Bathsua Makin

Fran Teague

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2021-01-12

Bathsua MakinIntroductionBathsua Makin (b. 1600–d. 1681?) was a child prodigy, writer, and noted educator. Her father Henry Reginald was a schoolmaste...

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