Evolutionary Biology - A - Oxford Bibliographies

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Adaptation

Jonathan B. Losos

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Adaptation Introduction Adaptation—the fit of organisms to their environments—has been a central focus in scientific research for centuries, p...

Adaptive Radiation

Rosemary G. Gillespie, Christine E. Parent

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Adaptive Radiation Introduction Adaptive radiation, defined as the evolution of ecological diversity within a rapidly multiplying lineage, can b...

Altruism

J. David Van Dyken

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Altruism Introduction Darwin’s revolutionary insight was that evolution favors the spread of traits that increase the survival or reproduction...

Ancient DNA

Michael Hofreiter

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Ancient DNA Introduction It is generally accepted that research on ancient deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) started in 1984, with the publication o...

Behavioral Ecology

John P. Swaddle

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Behavioral Ecology Introduction Behavioral ecology is the integrative study of how and why behavioral mechanisms and processes mediate organis...

Canalization and Robustness

Thomas Flatt, Günter Wagner

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2018-06-27

Canalization and RobustnessIntroductionCanalization describes the phenomenon whereby particular genotypes exhibit reduced phenotypic sensitivity or va...

Character Displacement

Greg Grether

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2018-04-26

Character DisplacementIntroductionCharacter displacement is the phenomenon of species at the same trophic level evolving through natural selection in ...

Coevolution

Benjamin J. Ridenhour

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Coevolution Introduction Coevolution is most broadly interpreted as two groups of organisms reciprocally influencing the evolution of each oth...

Cognition, Evolution of

Simon M. Reader

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Evolution of Cognition Introduction Work on the evolution of cognition has a long history and involves numerous fields, most notably ethology,...

Constraints, Evolutionary

Thomas F. Hansen

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2015-01-15

Evolutionary Constraints Introduction Evolutionary constraints are restrictions, limitations, or biases on the course or outcome of adaptive e...

Contemporary Evolution

Andrew P. Hendry, Michael T. Kinnison

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2020-08-26

Contemporary EvolutionIntroductionThe term “contemporary evolution” is typically used in reference to ongoing or recent genetically based (heritable) ...

Convergent Evolution

Luke J. Harmon

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Convergent Evolution Introduction Convergent evolution is typically defined as the repeated evolution of similar traits in independent evoluti...

Cooperation and Conflict: Microbes to Humans

Kevin R. Foster

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Cooperation and Conflict: Microbes to Humans Introduction Cooperation—when one individual improves the fitness of another—is common in the nat...

Cooperative Breeding in Insects and Vertebrates

Anne-Katrin Eggert

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Cooperative Breeding in Insects and Vertebrates Introduction Cooperative breeding in the broadest sense occurs in animals with parental care w...

Creationism

Michael Ruse

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-09-29

CreationismIntroductionCreationism in the broadest sense refers to God as Creator. It is an essential element in the beliefs of the so-called Abrahami...

Cryptic Female Choice

Hanne Løvlie

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-03-31

Cryptic Female ChoiceIntroductionSexual selection (see the Oxford Bibliographies article “Sexual Selection”) is a powerful evolutionary force, selecti...

Darwin, Charles

Gregory Radick

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-09-29

Charles Darwin Introduction Anyone beginning to learn about Charles Darwin (b. 1809–d. 1882) will sooner or later need to reckon with the vast...

Darwinism

Michael Ruse

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

DarwinismIntroductionThe modern usage of the term Darwinism dates from the publication of On the Origin of Species, by Charles Darwin, in which he arg...

Disease Virulence, Evolution of

Samuel Alizon

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Evolution of Disease Virulence Introduction Understanding why parasites harm their host has long puzzled evolutionary biologists. For most mic...

Ecological Speciation

Timothy P. Craig

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2018-11-29

Ecological SpeciationIntroductionSpeciation produces diversity of life on earth by splitting evolutionary lineages through the evolution of reproducti...

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