Evolutionary Biology - B - Oxford Bibliographies

You are looking at 45 - 64 of 137 items

Founder Effect Speciation

Alan R. Templeton

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Founder Effect SpeciationIntroductionThe origin of species (speciation)—the process by which two or more species evolve from a single ancestral specie...

Frequency-Dependent Selection

John A. Allen

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-06-28

Frequency-Dependent SelectionIntroductionSelection is frequency dependent when the fitness of a phenotype, genotype, or gene (or species) varies with ...

Fungi, Evolution of

David Hibbett

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Evolution of Fungi Introduction Fungi make up a major clade of eukaryotes that includes yeasts, molds, lichens, and mushrooms. The ancestor of ...

Gene Duplication

Jianzhi Zhang

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Gene Duplication Introduction Gene duplication refers to the duplication of a segment of DNA that contains one or more genes. Gene duplication...

Gene Expression, Evolution of

David Stern

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-10-27

Evolution of Gene ExpressionIntroductionGene expression is the spatial and temporal pattern of a gene product, such as mRNA or protein. Since the earl...

Gene Flow

Peter Beerli

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-05-26

Gene FlowIntroductionIn population genetics, both gene flow and migration assume that individuals arrive from other localities; gene flow also assumes...

Genetics, Ecological

Joanna Freeland

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2017-11-29

Ecological GeneticsIntroductionEcology is the study of the relationships between organisms and their environments, whereas ecological genetics focuses...

Genome Evolution

Xiao Chen, Kelsi Lindblad, Laura F. Landweber

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2015-09-29

Genome Evolution Introduction While modern evolutionary biologists achieved a deep theoretical understanding of how genetic material changes i...

Geographic Variation

Bryan Epperson

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Geographic Variation Introduction Evolutionary principles of geographic variation began to emerge early as the field of evolutionary biology d...

Gradualism

Melanie Hopkins, Scott Lidgard

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-08-30

GradualismIntroductionThe idea of gradualism is one of the key facets of macroevolution, and mostly concerns lineages of interrelated populations of o...

Group Selection

Andy Gardner

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2018-04-26

Group SelectionIntroductionThe basic idea of group selection theory is that the logic of natural selection acting at the level of individual organisms...

Heterochrony

Miriam Zelditch

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2017-02-28

HeterochronyIntroductionHeterochrony, broadly defined, refers to evolutionary change in the rate or timing of development. The concept has long been c...

Heterozygosity

Fred W. Allendorf

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Heterozygosity Introduction Heterozygosity—the condition of having two different alleles at a locus—is fundamental to the study of genetic vari...

History of Evolutionary Thought before Darwin

Pietro Corsi

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

History of Evolutionary Thought before Darwin Introduction The history of early theories of evolution has suffered from two opposite assumptio...

History of Evolutionary Thought Since 1930

Roberta Millstein, Michael Dietrich, Robert A. Skipper

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2019-02-27

History of Evolutionary Thought Since 1930IntroductionEvolutionary biology underwent several significant transformations in the period after 1930. Whi...

History of Evolutionary Thought, 1860–1925

Garland E. Allen

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

History of Evolutionary Thought, 1860–1925IntroductionThe reaction to the publication of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was as varied as the source...

Human Behavioral Ecology

Bobbi Low

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-05-26

Human Behavioral EcologyIntroductionHuman behavioral ecology (HBE) asks how environmental conditions—physical, biotic, and social—shape human lifetime...

Human Evolution

Bernard Wood

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Human EvolutionIntroductionThe study of human evolution involves (1) understanding the evolutionary context and the circumstances surrounding the orig...

Hybrid Speciation

Michael L. Arnold

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Hybrid Speciation Introduction The process of hybrid speciation—the formation of evolutionarily independent lineages from genetic exchange eve...

Hybrid Zones

Sean P. Mullen

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Hybrid Zones Introduction Hybrid zones are regions where genetically distinct populations meet, mate, and produce at least some offspring of m...

How to Subscribe

Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.