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Renaissance and Reformation - C - Oxford Bibliographies

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Astell, Mary

Jacqueline Broad

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-07-30

Mary AstellIntroductionMary Astell (b. 1666–d. 1731) is widely considered to be one of the earliest English feminists. She is best known for her prose...

Astrology, Alchemy, Magic

Sheila J. Rabin

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2011-04-14

Astrology, Alchemy, MagicIntroductionScientific developments in the early modern period have traditionally been called the “scientific revolution,” em...

Augsburg

Mark Häberlein

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2020-05-27

AugsburgIntroductionThe imperial city of Augsburg figures prominently in the history and historiography of the Renaissance and the Protestant Reformat...

Austria

Joseph F. Patrouch

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Austria Introduction It is a challenge to define “Austria” in the 14th through the 17th centuries. On the one hand, the term refers to a geogr...

Avignon Papacy

Joëlle Rollo-Koster

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2018-04-26

Avignon PapacyIntroductionThroughout the Middle Ages, popes resided outside of Rome in cities like Viterbo or Anagni, often finding temporary refuge f...

Bacon, Francis

Sarah Covington

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2012-10-25

Francis Bacon Introduction No one disputes the tremendous importance of Francis Bacon in the context of early modern natural, moral, and legal...

Banking and Money

Francesco Guidi Bruscoli

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Banking and Money Introduction Economic historians have published widely on the “crisis of the 14th century.” Money supply and monetary circulat...

Barbaro, Ermolao, the Younger

Craig Kallendorf

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2017-08-23

Ermolao Barbaro the YoungerIntroductionErmolao Barbaro the Younger (b. 1454–d. 1493) was born into a prominent Venetian family. His father, Zaccaria, ...

Barbaro, Francesco

Seth Parry

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-10-28

Francesco BarbaroIntroductionFrancesco Barbaro (b. 1390–d. 1454) was the preeminent Venetian humanist of the early 15th century. He was a senator and ...

Baron, Hans

Craig Kallendorf

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2018-05-24

Hans BaronIntroductionHans Baron (1900–1988), a German emigré scholar who spent the majority of his professional career in the United States, is the a...

Baroque

Anne H. Muraoka

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2013-02-26

BaroqueIntroductionThe Baroque is a name given to a style that dominated western Europe from the late 16th century to the mid-18th century (roughly 15...

Baroque Art and Architecture in Italy

Frances Gage

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-04-28

Baroque Art and Architecture in Italy Introduction Although the term baroque is most often applied to the visual arts, on which this article w...

Barzizza, Gasparino

Craig Kallendorf

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2016-01-21

Gasparino BarzizzaIntroductionIf, as the Renaissance scholar Paul Oskar Kristeller often argued, Renaissance humanism was primarily a movement designe...

Bathsua Makin

Fran Teague

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2021-01-12

Bathsua MakinIntroductionBathsua Makin (b. 1600–d. 1681?) was a child prodigy, writer, and noted educator. Her father Henry Reginald was a schoolmaste...

Beaufort, Margaret

Stella Fletcher

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2019-01-15

Margaret BeaufortIntroductionCourtesy of her father and husbands, the subject of this article was known by a succession of titles during her lifetime....

Bellarmine, Cardinal

Stefania Tutino

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

Cardinal Bellarmine Introduction Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino (or Bellarmine, in the Anglicized version) was born in 1542 and died in 1...

Bembo, Pietro

Craig Kallendorf

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2016-02-25

Pietro BemboIntroductionPietro Bembo (b. 1470–d. 1547) was born into an aristocratic Venetian family, one in which his father Bernardo ensured that he...

Benito Arias Montano

Hilaire Kallendorf

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2020-09-24

Benito Arias MontanoIntroductionBenito Arias Montano (b. c. 1525/27–d. 1598) was a Spanish humanist, censor, polymath, and chaplain to King Philip II,...

Bernardino of Siena, San

Letizia Pellegrini

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

San Bernardino of Siena Introduction Bernardino da Siena (b. 1380–d. 1444), born in Massa Marittima, Italy, left his birthplace after the deat...

Beroaldo, Filippo, the Elder

Craig Kallendorf

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2016-09-28

Filippo Beroaldo the ElderIntroductionFilippo Beroaldo (b. 1453–d. 1505) was one of the most famous humanists of his day, but although he has attracte...

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