International Relations - G - Oxford Bibliographies

You are looking at 100 - 119 of 304 items

Hezbollah

Mona Harb

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2015-04-29

Hezbollah Introduction Established in 1985 in Lebanon, Hezbollah (alternative spellings: Hizballah or Hizbullah) is a political party run by S...

Hierarchies in International Relations

David A. Lake, Feng Liu

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2020-04-22

Hierarchies in International RelationsIntroductionIn international relations, hierarchy is understood in two related ways. In the most general usage, ...

History and International Relations

Andrew Williams

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2017-02-28

History and International RelationsIntroductionThe academic disciplines of history and international relations (IR) have had an often-stormy relations...

Human Nature in International Relations

Daniel Jacobi

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2020-04-22

Human Nature in International RelationsIntroduction“Human nature” is not a notion that has originated from theories of world politics. On the contrary...

Human Rights

Cathal Nolan

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2011-03-02

Human Rights Introduction “Human rights” is a philosophically and historically powerful idea that all human beings share fundamental rights. These...

Human Rights and Humanitarian Diplomacy

Kelly-Kate Pease, Kelly McBride

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2015-05-29

Human Rights and Humanitarian Diplomacy (1856–) Introduction Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy is defined as the negotiating, bargaining...

Human Rights Law

Rory O’Connell

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Human Rights Law Introduction Human rights law is that branch of international law that covers the rights persons have against the state. This...

Human Security

Benjamin Zyla

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2019-05-29

Human SecurityIntroductionThe term “human security” was first employed in the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Human Development Report (HD...

Hybrid Warfare

John G.L.J. Jacobs, Martijn W.M. Kitzen

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2019-04-24

Hybrid WarfareIntroductionHybrid warfare has been the bandwagon term to describe modern warfare in academic, policy, and journalist accounts. It descr...

Idealism

Peter Wilson

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2014-08-26

Idealism Introduction Idealism is one of the most difficult terms in the vocabulary of international relations because no commonly accepted me...

Identity and Foreign Policy

Srdjan Vucetic

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2019-01-15

Identity and Foreign PolicyIntroductionOne way of looking at the essence of society and politics is through efforts to claim and disclaim, and otherwi...

Ideology, Values, and Foreign Policy

Peter Beattie

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2019-04-24

Ideology, Values, and Foreign PolicyIntroductionIdeology is a prototypical “contested concept,” though competing definitions can generally be sorted i...

Illicit Trade and Smuggling

Paul Kemp, Rebecca Galemba

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2020-10-28

Illicit Trade and SmugglingIntroductionIn this article, illicit trade and smuggling refer to the unauthorized sale, purchase, exchange, or transport o...

Imperialism

Carl Cavanagh Hodge

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2011-03-02

Imperialism Introduction Imperialism refers to the extension of the dominion of one nation over others by military conquest, political or economi...

Indian Perspectives on International Relations, War, and Conflict

Debidatta Aurobinda Mahapatra

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2018-10-25

Indian Perspectives on International Relations, War, and ConflictIntroductionThere are a few studies on Indian perspectives on international relations...

Indigenous Rights

Sarah Sargent

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2019-02-27

Indigenous RightsIntroductionThe attention given to indigenous rights has increased since the approval of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights...

Industrialization

William J. Ashworth

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2012-10-25

IndustrializationIntroductionAccording to the Oxford English Dictionary, the term “industry” probably originated from the 14th-century French word ind...

Intelligence

Christopher Andrew, Kristian Gustafson

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2011-03-02

Intelligence Introduction Intelligence (information gathering) as a field of academic study is relatively new. It is only since World War II that...

Intelligence Oversight

Jeffrey Adams

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2016-08-30

Intelligence OversightIntroductionOversight has the objective of ensuring accountability in the operations of a country’s security and intelligence or...

Internal Displacement

Sanjula Weerasinghe, Elizabeth Ferris

Subject: International Relations »

Date Added: 2015-04-29

Internal Displacement Introduction While people have always fled their communities because of war, violence, persecution, and disasters, until...

How to Subscribe

Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.