Renaissance and Reformation - H - Oxford Bibliographies

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Italian Wars, 1494–1559

Stella Fletcher

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2021-03-24

Italian Wars, 1494–1559IntroductionAccording to the Florentine historian Francesco Guicciardini, Italy enjoyed peace and plenty in the years around 14...

Ivan IV the Terrible, Tsar of Russia

Charles J. Halperin

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Ivan IV the Terrible, Tsar of RussiaIntroductionIvan IV (Ivan Vasil’evich, Ivan the Terrible, Ivan Groznyi [the Awe-Inspiring]) was born in 1530 and r...

Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples

Richard J. Oosterhoff

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2021-08-25

Jacques Lefèvre d’ÉtaplesIntroductionFew major figures of the Renaissance are as difficult to capture in the round as Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples (Jacob...

Jansenism

Thomas O'Connor

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2020-04-22

JansenismIntroductionOne of a number of theological tendencies within early modern Catholicism, Jansenism derives its name from Cornelius Jansen (b. 1...

Japan and Europe: the Christian Century, 1549-1650

Haruko Nawata Ward

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2015-03-10

Japan and Europe: The Christian Century, 1549–1650 Introduction Between 1549 and 1650, Reformed Catholicism, which the Jesuits under Portugues...

Jeanne d’Albret, queen of Navarre

Amanda Eurich

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2018-07-24

Jeanne d’Albret, queen of NavarreIntroductionJeanne d’Albret, queen of Navarre, was one of the most powerful political women of 16th-century Europe. A...

Jesuits

Robert A. Maryks

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

JesuitsIntroductionThe Jesuits, or the Society of Jesus, is a Roman Catholic order of men religious founded in 1540 by Ignatius of Loyola (b. c. 1491–...

Jews

Joshua Teplitsky

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2013-10-29

Jews Introduction The 15th through the 18th centuries involved major changes in Jewish life in Europe. The conflicts, controversies, and crise...

Jews and Christians in Venice

Uwe Israel

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

Jews and Christians in Venice Introduction Apart from mentions of single Jews in the High Middle Ages, the history of Jewish communities in Ve...

Jews in Florence

Francesca Bregoli

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2020-03-25

Jews in FlorenceIntroductionThe first sporadic Jewish presence in Florence is attested from the 1320s. In 1437, Jewish bankers were formally granted t...

Joan of Arc

Larissa Taylor

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2012-07-24

Joan of Arc Introduction Joan of Arc was born the daughter of well-off peasants in 1412 in Domremy on the frontier of France, Burgundy, and th...

Jonson, Ben

James P. Bednarz

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2015-08-31

Ben Jonson Introduction Until the 18th century, the literary achievements of Ben Jonson (b. 1572–d. 1637) were frequently considered to equal ...

Julius II

Nelson H. Minnich

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Julius II Introduction Julius II (Giuliano della Rovere, b. 1443–d. 1513, pope 1503–1513) is best known as the “warrior pope” who used warfar...

Kepler, Johannes

Sheila J. Rabin

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Johannes KeplerIntroductionThe mathematician and astronomer Johannes Kepler (b. 1571–d. 1630) was a leading figure in what is commonly regarded as the...

King of France, Francis I

Robert Knecht

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Francis IIntroductionFrancis I, king of France from 1515 to 1547, has not always been treated by posterity with the seriousness he deserves. The Frenc...

King of France, Henri IV

Eric Nelson

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Henri IV Introduction Since his death in 1610, interpreters of Henri IV have reinvented him on numerous occasions. Early chroniclers of his rei...

Knox, John

Steven J. Reid

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2016-09-28

John KnoxIntroductionAlthough historians are sharply divided over the exact extent and nature of his leadership of the early Scottish Protestant Kirk,...

Kristeller, Paul Oskar

Rocco Rubini

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2015-09-29

Paul Oskar Kristeller Introduction Paul Oskar Kristeller (b. 1905–d. 1999) was a German-Jewish historian of philosophy and one of the most inf...

Labé, Louise

Kirk D. Read

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Louise LabéIntroductionLouise Labé (c. b. 1522–d. 1566) is the most well-known and celebrated woman writer of non-noble birth from the French Renaissa...

Landino, Cristoforo

Craig Kallendorf

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-07-30

Cristoforo LandinoIntroductionCristoforo Landino (b. 1424–d. 1498) is one of the more complicated figures among the Italian Renaissance humanists. He ...

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