Renaissance and Reformation - K - Oxford Bibliographies

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Hundred Years War, The

Clifford J. Rogers

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

The Hundred Years War Introduction “The Hundred Years War” is a term invented in the 18th century and popularized by Chrysanthe-Ovide Des M...

Hungary, The Kingdom of

Szabolcs Varga

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

The Kingdom of Hungary Introduction The age of the Renaissance and the Reformation brought significant changes in the history of the Kingdom of...

Hus, Jan

Craig D. Atwood

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Jan HusIntroductionJan Hus is the most famous leader of the Czech Reformation of the 15th century and one of the most prominent figures executed as a ...

Hutchinson, Lucy

David Norbrook

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2016-10-27

Lucy HutchinsonIntroductionLucy Hutchinson (b. 1620–d. 1681) is best known as the author of Memoirs of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson, a classic biogr...

Iconology and Iconography

Paul Taylor

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Iconology and IconographyIntroductionThe words “iconology” and “iconography” are often confused, and they have never been given definitions accepted b...

Ignatius of Loyola, Saint

Robert A. Maryks

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2016-08-30

Saint Ignatius of LoyolaIntroductionIgnatius of Loyola (b. c. 1491–d. 1556) was the cofounder of one of the most influential Catholic religious order....

Inquisition, Roman

Christopher F. Black

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Roman InquisitionIntroduction“The Roman Inquisition” is a common title given to the Holy Office of the Inquisition as reformed from 1542 under central...

Isabel I, Queen of Castile

Cristina Guardiola-Griffiths

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2018-06-27

Isabel I, Queen of CastileIntroductionIsabel I of Castile, also known as Isabel the Catholic (Spanish: Isabel la Católica) was born 22 April 1451 and ...

Italian Wars, 1494–1559

Stella Fletcher

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2021-03-24

Italian Wars, 1494–1559IntroductionAccording to the Florentine historian Francesco Guicciardini, Italy enjoyed peace and plenty in the years around 14...

Ivan IV the Terrible, Tsar of Russia

Charles J. Halperin

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Ivan IV the Terrible, Tsar of RussiaIntroductionIvan IV (Ivan Vasil’evich, Ivan the Terrible, Ivan Groznyi [the Awe-Inspiring]) was born in 1530 and r...

Jansenism

Thomas O'Connor

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2020-04-22

JansenismIntroductionOne of a number of theological tendencies within early modern Catholicism, Jansenism derives its name from Cornelius Jansen (b. 1...

Japan and Europe: the Christian Century, 1549-1650

Haruko Nawata Ward

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2015-03-10

Japan and Europe: The Christian Century, 1549–1650 Introduction Between 1549 and 1650, Reformed Catholicism, which the Jesuits under Portugues...

Jeanne d’Albret, queen of Navarre

Amanda Eurich

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2018-07-24

Jeanne d’Albret, queen of NavarreIntroductionJeanne d’Albret, queen of Navarre, was one of the most powerful political women of 16th-century Europe. A...

Jesuits

Robert A. Maryks

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

JesuitsIntroductionThe Jesuits, or the Society of Jesus, is a Roman Catholic order of men religious founded in 1540 by Ignatius of Loyola (b. c. 1491–...

Jews

Joshua Teplitsky

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2013-10-29

Jews Introduction The 15th through the 18th centuries involved major changes in Jewish life in Europe. The conflicts, controversies, and crise...

Jews and Christians in Venice

Uwe Israel

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

Jews and Christians in Venice Introduction Apart from mentions of single Jews in the High Middle Ages, the history of Jewish communities in Ve...

Jews in Florence

Francesca Bregoli

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2020-03-25

Jews in FlorenceIntroductionThe first sporadic Jewish presence in Florence is attested from the 1320s. In 1437, Jewish bankers were formally granted t...

Joan of Arc

Larissa Taylor

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2012-07-24

Joan of Arc Introduction Joan of Arc was born the daughter of well-off peasants in 1412 in Domremy on the frontier of France, Burgundy, and th...

Jonson, Ben

James P. Bednarz

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2015-08-31

Ben Jonson Introduction Until the 18th century, the literary achievements of Ben Jonson (b. 1572–d. 1637) were frequently considered to equal ...

Julius II

Nelson H. Minnich

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Julius II Introduction Julius II (Giuliano della Rovere, b. 1443–d. 1513, pope 1503–1513) is best known as the “warrior pope” who used warfar...

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