Philosophy - L - Oxford Bibliographies

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Incommensurability in Science

Eric Oberheim, Paul Hoyningen-Huene

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Incommensurability in Science Introduction In 1962 in independent, influential publications, Thomas S. Kuhn and Paul Feyerabend suggested the ...

Indian Philosophy

Shyam Ranganathan

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Indian PhilosophyIntroductionThe label “Indian philosophy” refers to philosophy that originates from a cultural and linguistic sphere that in classica...

Indispensability of Mathematics

Sorin Bangu

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-03-27

Indispensability of Mathematics Introduction Philosophers speak of the “indispensability of mathematics” in association with a family of argum...

Inductive Reasoning

John M. Vickers

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Inductive Reasoning Introduction Well into the 20th century, inductive reasoning and the concomitant problem of its justification concerned wh...


Peter Klein, John Turri

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-08-31

Infinitism Introduction Infinitism, along with foundationalism and coherentism, is a logically possible solution to the epistemic regress prob...

Instruments in Science

Joseph Pitt, Steven Mischler

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-04-29

Instruments in Science Introduction Historians of science and technology are well aware of the crucial role instruments play in their respecti...

Intellectual Humility

Casey Johnson, Hanna Gunn, Michael P. Lynch, Nathan Sheff

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-06-27

Intellectual HumilityIntroductionIntellectual humility is a concept in progress—philosophers and psychologists are in the process of defining and comi...

Intentionality, Collective

Marija Jankovic, Kirk Ludwig

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2020-09-24

Collective IntentionalityIntroductionCollective intentionality concerns the intentionality of groups or collectives. Intentionality is the property of...


Jonathan Ichikawa, Ernest Sosa

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

IntuitionsIntroductionPhilosophy often proceeds via appeals to intuition. In a prototypical instance, a theory is rejected on the basis of its counter...

James, William

Michael Slater

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-01-15

William JamesIntroductionWilliam James (b. 1842–d. 1910) was the most influential American philosopher and psychologist of the late 19th and early 20t...

Japanese Philosophy

Tomomi Asakura

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-07-24

Japanese PhilosophyIntroductionJapanese philosophy can be viewed, in a very simple way, as consisting of three historical phases: the classical though...

Kant and the Laws of Nature

Michela Massimi

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-08-30

Kant and the Laws of NatureIntroductionImmanuel Kant’s complex and nuanced view on the laws of nature has been at the center of renewed attention amon...

Kant, Immanuel: Aesthetics and Teleology

Paul Guyer

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-01-15

Immanuel Kant: Aesthetics and TeleologyIntroductionThe Critique of the Power of Judgment (Kritik der Urteilskraft), published in 1790, was the last of...

Kant, Immanuel: Ethics

Lara Denis

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Immanuel Kant: EthicsIntroductionThe ethical theory of Immanuel Kant (b. 1724–d. 1804) exerted a powerful influence on the subsequent history of philo...

Kant, Immanuel: Theoretical Philosophy

Eric Watkins

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Immanuel Kant: Theoretical Philosophy Introduction The historical and systematic importance of Kant’s philosophy can hardly be exaggerated....

Kierkegaard, Søren

Daniel Watts

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

Søren Kierkegaard Introduction Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (b. 1813–d. 1855) left behind an extraordinary body of work that has had a major impact...


John Turri

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Knowledge Introduction Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that studies knowledge. Often “epistemology” and “theory of knowledge” are used...

Knowledge-first Epistemology

Clayton Littlejohn

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-11-29

Knowledge-First EpistemologyIntroductionAlthough there has long been a tradition of trying to analyze knowledge in terms of things taken to be more ba...


Boleslaw Czarnecki

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-08-30

Knowledge-HowIntroductionPeople often assess their actions against standards of success and quality. Appreciating non-accidental more than lucky succe...

Kuhn, Thomas S.

K. Brad Wray

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

Thomas S. KuhnIntroductionThomas Kuhn (b. 1922–d. 1996) was an American historian and philosopher of science. He completed a Ph.D. in physics at Harva...

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