Philosophy - O - Oxford Bibliographies

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Modularity

Edouard Machery

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

ModularityIntroductionOne of the liveliest debates within cognitive science and the philosophy of psychology concerns the extent to which, and in whic...

Montesquieu

Catherine Volpilhac-Auger

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-07-28

MontesquieuIntroductionThe first readers of Montesquieu (b. 1689–d. 1755) confronted the breadth of writings that extended into every domain, seeking ...

Moore, G. E.

Brian Hutchinson

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

G. E. MooreIntroductionG. E. Moore (b. 1873–d. 1958) is credited, along with Bertrand Russell, for doing the most in the early 20th century to weaken ...

Moral Contractualism

Nicholas Southwood

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

Moral Contractualism Introduction Moral contractualism is the view that the rightness and wrongness of our conduct is somehow to be understood...

Moral Naturalism and Nonnaturalism

Roger Crisp

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Moral Naturalism and NonnaturalismIntroductionUnderstood broadly, the debate between naturalists and nonnaturalists in ethics concerns the question of...

Moral Responsibility

Garrath Williams

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Moral ResponsibilityIntroductionThis article focuses on compatibilist approaches to moral responsibility—that is, approaches that see moral responsibi...

Multiculturalism

Michael Murphy

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-02-22

MulticulturalismIntroductionMulticulturalism is a branch of political philosophy that explores the relationship between cultural diversity and human f...

Murdoch, Iris

Hannah Marije Altorf

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-10-25

Iris MurdochIntroductionIris Murdoch (b. 1919–d. 1999) was both a philosopher and a novelist. She is the author of five philosophical books and numero...

Music, Analytic Philosophy of

Stephen Davies

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Analytic Philosophy of MusicIntroductionAnalytic philosophy, with its emphasis on clear, topic-based argument, is usually dated to the early 20th cent...

Naïve Realism

Bill Fish

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-03-30

Naïve RealismIntroductionNaïve realism is a theory in the philosophy of perception: primarily, the philosophy of vision. Historically, the term was us...

Nationalism

Nenad Miscevic

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-06-28

NationalismIntroductionThe topic of nation and nationalism has been present in political philosophy at least since the end of the 18th century, with i...

Natural Kinds

Alexander Bird

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-10-27

Natural KindsIntroductionIt appears to us that things in the natural world divide into different kinds. The most obvious examples come from biology. C...

Naturalism in the Philosophy of Mathematics

Mary Leng

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-08-31

Naturalism in the Philosophy of Mathematics Introduction In the context of the philosophy of mathematics, the term “naturalism” has a number o...

Neo-Confucianism

Stephen Angle

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

Neo-ConfucianismIntroduction“Neo-Confucianism” refers to the broad revival of Confucian thinking that emerged in the early Song dynasty (960–1279 ce)....

Neuroscience, Philosophy of

John Bickle, Gualtiero Piccinini

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2020-02-26

Philosophy of NeuroscienceIntroductionContemporary neuroscience is transforming how we know and understand ourselves in the world. Neuroscientists sca...

Nietzsche, Friedrich

Brian Leiter

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Friedrich Nietzsche Introduction Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900) is one of the major figures of 19th-century European philosophy, whose influ...

Nonexistent Objects

Jody Azzouni

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Nonexistent ObjectsIntroductionThe issues that nonexistent entities pose for metaphysics and philosophy of language are among the oldest in philosophy...

Normative Ethics

Alan Thomas

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Normative Ethics Introduction Normative ethics is the branch of philosophy that theorizes the content of our moral judgments or, as a limiting c...

Normative Foundations, Philosophy of Law:

John Oberdiek

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Philosophy of Law: Normative Foundations Introduction This article on the philosophy of law focuses on contemporary discussions of law’s norma...

Normativity and Social Explanation

Stephen Turner, Peter Olen

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

Normativity and Social Explanation Introduction Normativity is what gives reasons their force, makes words meaningful, and makes rules and law...

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