Philosophy - O - Oxford Bibliographies

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Albert Atkin

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Pragmatism Introduction Pragmatism is, broadly, an approach to philosophy that clusters loosely around a set of themes and a common tradition...

Probabilistic Representations of Belief

Darren Bradley

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2019-03-27

Probabilistic Representations of BeliefIntroductionFormal epistemology is epistemology that uses mathematical tools. Foremost among them is probabilit...

Probability, Interpretations of

Alan Hájek, Christopher Hitchcock

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2021-02-24

Interpretations of ProbabilityIntroductionIf you check the weather prediction on your phone, you might read that there is a 30 percent chance of rain ...

Problem of Divine Hiddenness, The

Klaas J. Kraay

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-11-27

The Problem of Divine Hiddenness Introduction “The Problem of Divine Hiddenness” is an infelicitous phrase for two reasons. First, while it su...

Problem of Evil, The

Trent Dougherty, Scott Cleveland

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-07-30

The Problem of Evil Introduction “The problem of evil” is a multifaceted problem. But the problem for theistic philosophers is that there are ...


Jeffrey C. King

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

Propositions ...

Psychology, Philosophy of

José Luis Bermúdez, Brandon Towl, James Reed

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Philosophy of PsychologyIntroductionThe philosophy of psychology is, broadly, the investigation of the philosophical foundations of psychology. It is ...


Thom Brooks

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

PunishmentIntroductionThe punishment of criminals is a topic of long-standing philosophical interest since the ancient Greeks. This interest has focus...


Diego E. Machuca

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

PyrrhonismIntroductionPyrrhonism can safely be said to be the most prominent and influential form of skepticism in the history of Western philosophy. ...


Clare Batty

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Qualia Introduction You wake up to the sounds of the birds chirping. You open up the curtains and take in the colors of the flowering trees out...


Stelios Virvidakis, Vasso Kindi

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-02-26

Quietism Introduction Quietism in contemporary analytic philosophy is the view or stance that entails avoidance of substantive philosophical t...

Quine, W. V. O.

Gary Kemp

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-11-21

W. V. O. QuineIntroductionWillard Van Orman Quine (b. 1908–d. 2000) was the main agenda setter in post–World War II philosophy of language and related...


Angelo Corlett

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Race Introduction The concept of race is of great importance to moral, social, political, and legal philosophy, as well as the history of philo...

Racist Jokes

Claire Horisk

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-04-26

Racist JokesIntroductionRacist jokes are usefully understood as one kind of offensive joke, with the broader category including sexist and ethnic joke...


Kurt Smith

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-01-21

RationalismIntroduction“Rationalism” denotes a family of philosophical views that have emerged over the past two millennia. Many of the views have in ...


Patrick Rysiew

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-11-21

Rationality Introduction “Rationality” is among our central and most widely used evaluative notions. That humans are “rational animals” is a p...

Rawls, John: Moral and Political Philosophy

Jon Mandle

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-09-29

John Rawls: Moral and Political PhilosophyIntroductionJohn Rawls (b. 1921–d. 2002) was the leading Anglo-American political philosopher of the second ...

Realism and Anti-Realism

Sven Rosenkranz

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Realism and Anti-Realism Introduction The realism/anti-realism divide has its proper place in metaphysics, but it also has important implicati...


Umut Baysan

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-10-26

RealizationIntroduction“Realization” is a technical term used by philosophers of mind, philosophers of science, and metaphysicians to denote some depe...

Reasons in Epistemology

Kurt Sylvan

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-04-28

Reasons in Epistemology Introduction Reasons attract great interest in new literature on the foundations of epistemic normativity. This follow...

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