Philosophy - O - Oxford Bibliographies

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Reductionism in Biology

Sahotra Sarkar, Alan Love, William Wimsatt

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-01-11

Reductionism in BiologyIntroductionReductionism concerns a set of ontological and epistemological claims, and methodological strictures based on them,...

Reference, Theory of

Heimir Geirsson

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Theory of ReferenceIntroductionReference and issues surrounding reference have played a large role in analytic philosophy. The basic question is simpl...

Reid, Thomas

Terence Cuneo

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-07-27

Thomas Reid Introduction Along with his contemporaries Francis Hutcheson, David Hume, and Adam Smith, Thomas Reid (b. 1710–d. 1796) was one of ...

Relativism

Paul O'Grady

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-09-20

Relativism Introduction That people disagree about fundamental issues—such as the nature of reality, the scope of knowledge, or what moral cod...

Reliabilism

Erik J. Olsson

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-06-28

ReliabilismIntroductionOn one characterization of “reliabilism,” the term refers to any epistemological theory that emphasizes the reliability of some...

Religion, Philosophy of

Jonathan L. Kvanvig

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Philosophy of Religion Introduction The philosophy of religion became a recognizable subdiscipline in philosophy in the mid- to late 20th cen...

Religious Belief, Epistemology of

Duncan Pritchard

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Epistemology of Religious BeliefIntroductionInterest in the epistemology of religion has experienced a resurgence since the late 1980s, prompted for t...

Religious Experience

Keith E. Yandell

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Religious Experience Introduction There is no general agreement about what “religion” means. Nonetheless, in constructing a bibliography on re...

Religious Pluralism

Victoria S. Harrison

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2020-07-29

Religious PluralismIntroductionWithin the philosophy of religion, theories of religious pluralism are models that provide a philosophical account of r...

Ricoeur, Paul

David Pellauer

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-05-29

Paul Ricoeur Introduction French philosopher Paul Ricoeur (b. 1913–d. 2005) addressed a broad range of philosophical issues over his long care...

Rights

Rowan Cruft

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Rights Introduction The concept of a right is central to contemporary moral, political, and legal debates. It is therefore perhaps surprising t...

Risk, Philosophy of

Sven Ove Hansson

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-10-25

Philosophy of RiskIntroductionMost philosophical studies of risk are closely related to problems in the philosophy of science or in ethics. This corre...

Rorty, Richard

Neil Gascoigne

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-03-27

Richard Rorty Introduction Richard McKay Rorty (b. 1931–d. 2007) began his career as a promising analytic philosopher at Wellesley and Princet...

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques

James Delaney

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-03-30

Jean-Jacques RousseauIntroductionJean-Jacques Rousseau (b. 1712–d. 1778) is one of the most influential figures of the 18th century and French Enlight...

Rule-Following

Martin Kusch

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Rule-FollowingIntroduction“Rule-following” is best thought of as a title for a number of closely intertwined philosophical questions: What is a rule? ...

Russell, Bertrand

Nicholas Griffin

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

Bertrand Russell ...

Sartre, Jean-Paul

Christian Skirke

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-04-28

Jean-Paul Sartre Introduction Jean-Paul Sartre (b. 1905–d. 1980) was one of the most influential public intellectuals of the 20th century, and...

Schopenhauer, Arthur

Dale Jacquette

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-10-28

Arthur Schopenhauer Introduction Arthur Schopenhauer (b. 1788–d. 1860) was a private scholar and philosopher. Although Schopenhauer was largel...

Science and Religion

J. Brian Pitts

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-01-28

Science and Religion Introduction The science–religion interaction spans so many fields, years, sources, etc., that a comprehensive view is no...

Science, Theoretical Virtues in

Samuel Schindler

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2020-07-29

Theoretical Virtues in ScienceIntroductionA theoretical virtue in science is a property of a scientific theory that is considered desirable. Standard ...

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