About this Subject Expand or collapse the "about this subject" section

Forthcoming Articles Expand or collapse the "forthcoming articles" section

 

Philosophy - O - Oxford Bibliographies

You are looking at 354 - 373 of 423 items

Scientific Explanation

Joseph Pitt, Steven Mischler

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-03-30

Scientific ExplanationIntroductionThe modern search for an adequate general theory of explanation is an outgrowth of the logical positivist’s agenda: ...

Scientific Progress

Ilkka Niiniluoto

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-08-29

Scientific Progress Introduction Science is the systematic pursuit of new knowledge by using critical methods of inquiry. Scientists constitut...

Scientific Realism

Juha Saatsi

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Scientific Realism Introduction The scientific realism debate concerns the nature of scientific knowledge. Scientific realists advocate a posi...

Scientific Representation

Mauricio Suárez

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Scientific Representation Introduction Scientific representation is a booming field nowadays within the philosophy of science, with many paper...

Scientific Revolutions

Thomas Nickles

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-07-24

Scientific Revolutions Introduction Scientific revolutions and the problem of understanding deep scientific change became central topics in ph...

Scotus, Duns

Giorgio Pini

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-02-28

Duns ScotusIntroductionJohn Duns Scotus (b. c. 1265/1266–d. 1308) was a major medieval philosopher and theologian whose brilliance and originality is ...

Self-Knowledge

Quassim Cassam

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Self-Knowledge Introduction In philosophy, self-knowledge usually means one of two things: knowledge of one’s particular mental states or know...

Sellars, Wilfrid

Michael P. Wolf, Jeremy Randel Koons

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Wilfrid SellarsIntroductionWilfrid Sellars (b. 1912–d. 1989) did some of the most interesting and challenging work in Western philosophy in the 20th c...

Semantic Externalism

Sandy Goldberg

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Semantic Externalism Introduction Semantic externalism is the view that (some) semantic properties of a subject’s words and/or thoughts depend ...

Semantic Minimalism

Agustin Vicente, Fernando Martínez Manrique

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-11-01

Semantic MinimalismIntroductionSemantic minimalism is primarily a position about the semantic content of sentences. It is defined by the thesis that s...

Semiotics

Marc Champagne

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Semiotics Introduction Semiotics (sometimes spelled “semeiotic”) is the name first given by John Locke, and later reprised by Charles S. Peirc...

Seneca

Ermanno Malaspina, Jula Wildberger, Veronica Revello

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-05-29

SenecaIntroductionThe Stoic Seneca (b. c. 4 bce–d. 65 ce), mentor to Emperor Nero and one of the wealthiest men of his time, has been studied as the b...

Senses, The

Keith A. Wilson, Fiona Macpherson

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-05-24

The SensesIntroductionPhilosophers and scientists have studied sensory perception and, in particular, vision for many years. Increasingly, however, th...

Sensitivity Principle in Epistemology

Guido Melchior

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2020-04-22

Sensitivity Principle in EpistemologyIntroductionSensitivity is a modal epistemic principle. Modal knowledge accounts are externalist in nature and cl...

Singular Thought

Michael Murez, François Recanati, Felipe Carvalho

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Singular Thought Introduction In February 2013, an inhabitant of Chelyabinsk, Russia, looks up and sees a meteor hurtling through the sky. He ...

Situated Cognition

Robert D. Rupert

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-10-25

Situated CognitionIntroductionSince the mid-1950s, cognition has been the focus of intensive scientific and philosophical study. The emergence of this...

Situationism and Virtue Theory

Mark Alfano, Abrol Fairweather

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Situationism and Virtue Theory Introduction Virtues are dispositions to see, think, desire, deliberate, or act well, with different philosophe...

Skepticism, Contemporary

Duncan Pritchard

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Contemporary SkepticismIntroductionThe problem of skepticism is one of the key topics in philosophy, in terms of both the history of the subject and t...

Skepticism, History of

Baron Reed

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

History of Skepticism Introduction The skeptical tradition originated in the Hellenistic period of ancient philosophy. After mostly lying dorma...

Slurs, Pejoratives, and Hate Speech

Mihaela Popa-Wyatt

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2020-05-27

Slurs, Pejoratives, and Hate SpeechIntroductionSlurring is a type of hate speech meant to harm individuals simply because of their group membership. I...

How to Subscribe

Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.