Music - O - Oxford Bibliographies

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Geoffrey Burgess

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2017-05-24

OboeIntroductionThe term oboe refers to a conical-bored treble aerophone that uses a double reed as sound generator. Although their origins are still ...


Micaela Baranello

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-02-25

OperettaIntroductionOperetta is a form of musical theater that mixes song with spoken dialogue and dance. It originated in France in the 1850s and spr...

Orchestral Music

D. Kern Holoman

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2012-03-23

Orchestral Music Introduction Music for the concert orchestra that coalesced in 18th-century Europe falls into two major genres: the symphony ...


Thomas Payne

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Organum Introduction As the Latin form of the Greek ὄργανον (organon: “tool,” “instrument,” “systematic principle”), the word organum refers m...

Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da

Noel O'Regan

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Giovanni Pierluigi Da PalestrinaIntroductionThe composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina was already being recognized as an iconic figure during his ...

Peking Opera (Beijing Opera, jingju)

Stella Zhizhi Li

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2019-03-27

Peking Opera (Beijing Opera, jingju)IntroductionPeking Opera (jingju 京剧), a major genre of classical Chinese theater (xiqu 戏曲), emerged in the late 18...

Penderecki, Krzysztof

Andrea F. Bohlman

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-02-25

Krzysztof PendereckiIntroductionKrzysztof Penderecki (1933–) was one of the most celebrated and, at times, controversial composers from Poland in the ...

Performance Practice in Western Art Music

Mary Cyr

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-10-27

Performance Practice in Western Art MusicIntroductionPerformance practice (or performing practice, from the German word Aufführungspraxis) is a field ...

Philosophy of Music

Theodore Gracyk

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Philosophy of MusicIntroductionNarrowly construed, philosophy of music encompasses all theorizing about music that arises within philosophy. More broa...

Popular Song in the Age of Louis XIV

John Romey

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2018-01-11

Popular Song in the Age of Louis XIVIntroductionAcross early modern Europe popular tunes functioned as canvases for new texts and they served thereby ...


Olivia Bloechl

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-01-21

Post-ColonialismIntroductionPost-colonialism (postcolonialism) is a form of critical thought that investigates the cultural history of colonialism and...

Poulenc, Francis

Carl Schmidt

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Francis PoulencIntroductionFrancis Poulenc (b. 7 January 1899–d. 30 January 1963) is the most frequently performed, recorded, and studied member of th...

Prokofiev, Sergey

Simon Morrison

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Sergey Prokofiev Introduction Sergey Prokofiev (b. 1891–d. 1953) composed some of the most beloved works in the Western tradition, including Pe...

Puccini, Giacomo

Helen M. Greenwald

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Giacomo PucciniIntroductionGiacomo Puccini (b. 1858–d. 1924) composed twelve operas as well as songs, choral compositions, and instrumental works. He ...

Puerto Rico, Music of

Marysol Quevedo

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2019-02-27

Music of Puerto RicoIntroductionThis entry focuses on scholarship on music from Puerto Rico of all genres and time periods. Over the last four decades...

Purcell, Henry

Andrew Woolley

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Henry PurcellIntroductionHenry Purcell (b. 1659?–d. 1695) is considered a major 17th-century composer and a luminary of English musical history. It is...

Queer Musicology

Lloyd Whitesell

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2020-07-29

Queer MusicologyIntroductionQueer musicology is a field dedicated to the study of sexual and gender diversity as it relates to music. This may focus o...

Rameau, Jean-Philippe

Charles Dill

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Jean-Philippe RameauIntroductionJean-Philippe Rameau (b. 1683–d. 1764) was trained as a keyboardist. Most of his early career was as a church organist...


Cheryl L. Keyes

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2019-06-26

Rap/Hip-HopIntroductionRap evolved as a vernacular term used among African Americans to define a stylized way of speaking. Over the years, black radio...

Ravel, Maurice

Deborah Mawer

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Maurice Ravel Introduction Maurice Ravel (b.1875–d.1937) was one of the foremost French composers of the first half of the 20th century. He spa...

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