Evolutionary Biology - P - Oxford Bibliographies

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Evolutionary Computation

Wolfgang Banzhaf, Ting Hu

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2019-11-26

Evolutionary ComputationIntroductionEvolutionary computation (EC) is the area of computer science and engineering that concerns itself with algorithms...

Evolutionary Ecology of Communities

Jeannine Cavender-Bares, Shan Kothari, Will Pearse

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2018-07-24

Evolutionary Ecology of CommunitiesIntroductionEcological communities are composed of interacting or potentially interacting organisms. Communities do...

Experimental Evolution

Mark A. Phillips, Michael R. Rose

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2018-05-24

Experimental EvolutionIntroductionThe field of evolutionary biology is primarily focused on the study of the evolutionary processes that are responsib...

Extinction

Norman MacLeod

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-06-28

ExtinctionIntroductionIn 1980 an interdisciplinary research team from the University of California, Berkeley made a startling announcement in the high...

Field Studies of Natural Selection

Jeffrey K. Conner

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2018-02-22

Field Studies of Natural SelectionIntroductionNatural selection can be defined as a non-random relationship between a phenotypic trait and fitness. Th...

Fossils

Kevin Boyce

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-01-21

FossilsIntroductionFossils represent the remnants of biological activity preserved over thousands, millions, or billions of years. Those remnants rang...

Founder Effect Speciation

Alan R. Templeton

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Founder Effect SpeciationIntroductionThe origin of species (speciation)—the process by which two or more species evolve from a single ancestral specie...

Frequency-Dependent Selection

John A. Allen

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-06-28

Frequency-Dependent SelectionIntroductionSelection is frequency dependent when the fitness of a phenotype, genotype, or gene (or species) varies with ...

Fungi, Evolution of

David Hibbett

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Evolution of Fungi Introduction Fungi make up a major clade of eukaryotes that includes yeasts, molds, lichens, and mushrooms. The ancestor of ...

Gene Duplication

Jianzhi Zhang

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Gene Duplication Introduction Gene duplication refers to the duplication of a segment of DNA that contains one or more genes. Gene duplication...

Gene Expression, Evolution of

David Stern

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-10-27

Evolution of Gene ExpressionIntroductionGene expression is the spatial and temporal pattern of a gene product, such as mRNA or protein. Since the earl...

Gene Flow

Peter Beerli

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-05-26

Gene FlowIntroductionIn population genetics, both gene flow and migration assume that individuals arrive from other localities; gene flow also assumes...

Genetics, Ecological

Joanna Freeland

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2017-11-29

Ecological GeneticsIntroductionEcology is the study of the relationships between organisms and their environments, whereas ecological genetics focuses...

Genome Evolution

Xiao Chen, Kelsi Lindblad, Laura F. Landweber

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2015-09-29

Genome Evolution Introduction While modern evolutionary biologists achieved a deep theoretical understanding of how genetic material changes i...

Geographic Variation

Bryan Epperson

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Geographic Variation Introduction Evolutionary principles of geographic variation began to emerge early as the field of evolutionary biology d...

Gradualism

Melanie Hopkins, Scott Lidgard

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-08-30

GradualismIntroductionThe idea of gradualism is one of the key facets of macroevolution, and mostly concerns lineages of interrelated populations of o...

Group Selection

Andy Gardner

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2018-04-26

Group SelectionIntroductionThe basic idea of group selection theory is that the logic of natural selection acting at the level of individual organisms...

Heterochrony

Miriam Zelditch

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2017-02-28

HeterochronyIntroductionHeterochrony, broadly defined, refers to evolutionary change in the rate or timing of development. The concept has long been c...

Heterozygosity

Fred W. Allendorf

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Heterozygosity Introduction Heterozygosity—the condition of having two different alleles at a locus—is fundamental to the study of genetic vari...

History of Evolutionary Thought before Darwin

Pietro Corsi

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

History of Evolutionary Thought before Darwin Introduction The history of early theories of evolution has suffered from two opposite assumptio...

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