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Poetry, Greek: Epigrams

Ruth Scodel

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Greek Poetry: Epigrams Introduction Very soon after Greeks adapted the Phoenician alphabet, they began writing inscriptions in verse, most oft...

Poetry, Greek: Iambos

Christopher G. Brown

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Greek Poetry: Iambos Introduction The word iambos (sometimes Latinized as iambus; the plural is iamboi or iambi) is a word of uncertain etymolo...

Poetry, Greek: Pre-Hellenistic

Gregory Nagy, Leonard Muellner

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-04-29

Pre-Hellenistic Greek Poetry in its Social Contexts Introduction This bibliographical essay is divided into six parts, which supersede an olde...

Poetry, Latin: From the Beginnings through the End of the Republic

Gesine Manuwald

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Latin Poetry: From the Beginnings through the End of the RepublicIntroductionSetting precise period boundaries within the development of literature is...

Poetry, Latin: Imperial

Charles McNelis

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Latin Poetry: Imperial Introduction “Imperial” Rome is an arbitrary—but useful—designation that may take as its starting point the years 30–27


Benjamin Gray

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-06-29

Polis Introduction The polis (plural poleis), or city-state, was the dominant political unit in the ancient Greek world. It was commonly agree...

Political Philosophy, Greek and Roman

Jed W. Atkins

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-12-19

Greek and Roman Political Philosophy Introduction In this bibliography “Greek and Roman political philosophy” is taken to mean philosophical r...


Craige Champion

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

PolybiusIntroductionPolybius is the most important source for the rise of Roman imperialism during the Middle Roman Republic (c. 265–c. 150 bce). By a...


Christopher A. Gregg

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

PompeiiIntroductionFounded around the 6th century bce, perhaps by the Italic Ausonian tribe, Pompeii rests on a plateau overlooking both the Sarno Riv...


Anne Sheppard

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2014-09-29

Porphyry Introduction Porphyry (b. 234–d. 305 ce) came from Tyre in Phoenicia, studied under the rhetorician Cassius Longinus in Athens, and w...

Posidippus of Pella

Enrico Magnelli

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Posidippus of Pella Introduction Though the Greek Anthology has preserved fewer than thirty epigrams ascribed to him, Posidippus of Pella w...


Teun Tieleman

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2021-05-26

PosidoniusIntroductionPosidonius of Apamea (135–c. 51 bce), Stoic philosopher, scientist, and historian, was one of the foremost intellectuals of his ...

Poverty in the Roman World

Neville Morley

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-01-15

Poverty in the Roman World Introduction “The poor you will always have with you” (Matthew 26:11); the ubiquity of poverty in the ancient world...


Lucas Siorvanes

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

ProclusIntroductionProclus (b. 410/412–d. 485 ce) was head of the Athenian philosophy school in Late Antiquity, when Neoplatonism had incorporated the...


Ian Ruffell

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2018-03-28

PrometheusIntroductionPrometheus is a foundational figure in Greek myth and thought. He is a trickster, who has been compared with similarly devious c...


Hans-Christian Günther

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

PropertiusIntroductionThe scarce information we possess of Propertius’s life must be deduced almost completely from what the poet himself tells us in ...


Matthäus Heil

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-09-30

ProsopographyIntroductionThe tongue twister “prosopography” literally means “descriptions of persons”; it is a learned neologism derived from the Gree...


Gerard O'Daly

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2013-10-29

Prudentius Introduction The poetry of Prudentius, published in the first decade of the 5th century ce, seems to have become widely known only ...

Pyrrho of Elis

Dee L. Clayman

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Pyrrho of ElisIntroductionPyrrho of Elis (b. c. 365–d. c. 275 bce) stood at the head of the skeptical movement in Greek philosophy, or so it seemed to...


Leonid Zhmud

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2018-08-28

PythagoreanismIntroductionPythagoreanism is a modern term referring to a multifaceted phenomenon that covered different aspects of the ancient world s...

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