Islamic Studies - R - Oxford Bibliographies

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Razi, Fakhr al-Din al-

Frank Griffel

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2015-08-31

Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razi Introduction Fakhr al-Din Muhammad ibn ‘Umar al-Razi (b. c. 1149–d. 1210) was one of the most important philosophers and ...

Reformist Muslims in Contemporary America

Serhan Tanriverdi

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2020-03-25

Reformist Muslims in Contemporary AmericaIntroductionIn the last two centuries, Muslims have made efforts to reform Islamic tradition and thought. Ref...

Russia, Islam in

Janis Eshots

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Islam in Russia Introduction Islam in Russia has a history more than a thousand years long. It can be divided into five major periods: (1) the ...

Sadra, Mulla

Ibrahim Kalin

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Mulla Sadra Introduction Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn Yahya al-Qawami al-Shirazi (b. 1571–d. 1640), sometimes referred to as Sadr al-Din Shirazi and...

Safavids

Andrew J. Newman

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Safavids Introduction The Safavid period is conventionally dated from the capture of Tabriz in 1501 by Ismail I (d. 1524) to the fall of the c...

Sahara, The Kunta of the

Ariela Marcus-Sells

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2018-01-11

The Kunta of the SaharaIntroductionMany kinship networks and lineages across contemporary West and North Africa, concentrated in the southern Sahara a...

Salafism

Jonathan A.C. Brown

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Salafism Introduction News reports often mention the “Wahhabi movement” or “Wahhabi Islam” without providing any context. This controversial mo...

Sarekat Islam

Fred von der Mehden

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Sarekat Islam Introduction Sarekat Islam (Islamic Union, or SI) was the largest pre-independence Muslim political organization in the Dutch...

Science and Medicine

Anna Akasoy

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Science and Medicine Introduction Scholarship in the history of texts on science and medicine written in Arabic and other languages of the ...

Shafi`is

Ahmed el Shamsy

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Shafiʿis Introduction Shafiʿis are adherents of the Sunni school of legal thought based on the legal paradigm of Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shafiʿi ...

Shari'ati, Ali

Junaid Ahmad

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2012-04-24

Ali Shari’ati Introduction Ali Shari’ati (b. 1933–d. 1977) is considered to be one of the key figures in the Iranian revolution of 1978–1979. A...

Shari`a (Islamic Law)

Andrew March

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Shariʿa (Islamic Law) Introduction Islamic law refers to the idea of a divine law as imagined by God (shariʿa), to Islamic moral episte...

Shaṭṭārīya

Oman Fathurahman

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2017-05-24

ShattariyaIntroductionShattariya is one of the Sufi orders developed since the late 15th century in India; it became an integral part of the world Isl...

Shaykhism

Farshid Kazemi

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2015-06-29

Shaykhism Introduction The Shaykhīs (Shaykhīyya) or the Shyakhī school (also called the Kashfiyya), is a movement that emerged within Twelver ...

Shi'i Tafsir, Twelver

Tehseen Thaver

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Twelver Shiʿi Tafsir Introduction The doctrine of walaya (guardianship of the Imams) is a central and distinguishing principle of the Twelver ...

Shi‘I Shrine Cities

Robert Riggs

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2015-07-28

Shiʿi Shrine Cities Introduction Visiting the tombs of venerated figures has been widespread in most world religions. The devout believe that ...

Shi`i Islam

Andrew A. Newman

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Shiʿi Islam Introduction Shiʿi Muslims believe that after the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632 ce his cousin and son-in-law ʿAli (died ...

Shiʿa, Ismaʿili

Ismail Poonawala

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Ismaʿili ShiʿaIntroductionThe Ismaʿilis, the second largest branch of the Shiʿa, take their name from their imam, Ismaʿil b. Jaʿfar al-Sadiq. They bra...

Shiʿa, Twelver

Andrew A. Newman

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Twelver Shiʿa Introduction Shiʿi Muslims believe that after the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632 ce, his cousin and son-in-law ʿAli (d. 661...

Sīra

Gurdofarid Miskinzoda

Subject: Islamic Studies »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Sīra Introduction The term sῑra (short for al-sῑra al-nabawiyya, meaning -“the sῑra of the Prophet”) refers to the body of literature devoted t...