Biblical Studies - R - Oxford Bibliographies

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Literacy, New Testament

Chris Keith

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2015-03-10

Literacy, New TestamentIntroductionAlthough various New Testament texts reflect the importance of literacy and illiteracy in early Christianity (for e...

Literature, Apocalyptic

Greg Carey

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2011-07-27

Apocalyptic Literature Introduction “Apocalyptic literature” refers to the ancient Jewish and Christian documents that share common concerns, t...

Lord’s Prayer

John Yieh

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Lord’s PrayerIntroductionThe Lord’s Prayer is a model prayer that Jesus taught his disciples to say as a group (Luke 11:2a, b). It reflects Jesus’ con...

Luke, Gospel of

Christopher R. Matthews

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2012-01-11

Gospel of Luke Introduction The Gospel of Luke provides a narrative account of the birth of Jesus, his public activities in Galilee and Judea, ...

Maccabean Revolt

Dov Gera

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2014-07-30

Maccabean Revolt Introduction In 167 bce the Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes (reign from 175–164 bce) ordered the religious persecution o...

Maccabees, 1–4

Jan W. van Henten

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

1–4 MaccabeesIntroductionSeveral ancient versions of the Old Testament contain four books named after the Maccabees, which are not part of the Hebrew ...

Man, Son of

Benjamin Reynolds

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2017-02-28

Son of ManIntroductionJesus’ use of the phrase “the Son of Man” (ho huios tou anthrōpou) in reference to himself has long been a conundrum for critica...

Manasseh, King of Judah

Robert L. Foster

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2014-05-29

Manasseh, King of Judah Introduction The portrayal of Manasseh in the biblical tradition presents differing views of his reign. 2 Kings 21:1–1...

Manasseh, Tribe/Territory

Robert L. Foster

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2015-06-29

Manasseh, Tribe/Territory Introduction Manasseh is one of two eponymous tribes named after the sons of Joseph (the other is Ephraim) and shoul...

Mark, Gospel of

James Keith Elliott

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Gospel of Mark Introduction Of the four canonical gospels, Mark seems to have been neglected in Antiquity, despite the tradition of Papias t...


Jan W. van Henten

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

MartyrdomIntroductionMartyrdom in the Greco-Roman period is a scholarly construct. Which writings are relevant sources depends on the definition of ma...


Carly Daniel-Hughes

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

Mary Introduction Mary of Nazareth, the mother of Jesus, has inspired some of the Christian tradition’s most majestic art, architecture, and m...

Matthew, Gospel of

Daniel J. Harrington

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Gospel of Matthew Introduction Matthew’s Gospel is generally regarded as a revised and expanded version of Mark’s Gospel. Tradition links its...

Medieval Biblical Interpretation (Jewish)

Yedida Eisenstat

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2017-10-25

Medieval Biblical Interpretation (Jewish)IntroductionMedieval Jewish biblical interpretation encompasses the oeuvre produced by medieval Jews from the...


David Hamidovic

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2017-03-30

MessianismIntroductionMessianism covers the waiting for a savior named “messiah” in numerous contexts. In the majority of cases, a messiah is thought ...


Juan Manuel Tebes

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2020-02-26

MidianIntroductionMidian was an ancient region located in northwestern Arabia. Compared with other peoples of the ancient Near East, knowledge about M...

Midrash and Aggadah

Burton Visotzky, Benjamin Haber Kamine

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

Midrash and AggadahIntroductionMidrash (Hebrew: מדרש) is ancient rabbinic interpretation of scripture. Aggadah (Hebrew: אגדה) is rabbinic narrative. T...

Minoritized Criticism of the New Testament

Tat-siong Benny Liew

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2020-09-24

Minoritized Criticism of the New TestamentIntroductionMinoritized criticism of the New Testament refers generally to academic and critical interpretat...

Miracle Stories

Wendy Cotter, Graham H. Twelftree

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2011-10-28

Miracle StoriesIntroductionA miracle story is a narrative involving a report of supposed special divine action. This article notes key literature that...

Modern Bible Translations

Gerrit van Steenbergen

Subject: Biblical Studies »

Date Added: 2016-04-28

Modern Bible TranslationsIntroductionThe practice of translating the Bible stretches itself out over a period of more than 2,500 years and is still on...

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