Criminology - R - Oxford Bibliographies

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Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice

Ramiro Martínez

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice Introduction The study of race, ethnicity, crime, and justice usually involves research on racial and ethni...

Racial Threat Hypothesis

Xia Wang, Natalie Todak

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

Racial Threat HypothesisIntroductionSituated within the conflict perspective, the racial threat hypothesis argues that members of the majority group—i...

Racial Profiling

Roger Dunham, Jeff Rojek

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Racial Profiling Introduction One of the most significant problems facing all societies, and American society in particular, is the use of race...

Rape and Sexual Assault

Janet Lauritsen

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2011-04-14

Rape and Sexual Assault Introduction Scholarly attention to the subject of rape and sexual assault involves a wide array of issues, including a...

Rape, Fear of

Adam J. Pritchard

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2017-06-27

Fear of RapeIntroductionMuch of the research on the topic of fear of rape is considered to be a sub-area of the broader study of fear of crime. Resear...

Rational Choice Theories

John Paul Wright

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Rational Choice Theories Introduction Rational choice theory and its assumptions about human behavior have been integrated into numerous cr...

Rehabilitation

Beth M. Huebner, Victoria Inzana

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

RehabilitationIntroductionRehabilitation is a central goal of the correctional system. This goal rests on the assumption that individuals can be treat...

Religion and Crime

Sung Joon Jang

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Religion and CrimeIntroductionScholarly discussion and empirical study of the religion-crime relationship goes back to the beginning of criminological...

Restorative Justice

Janet Lauritsen

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Restorative Justice Introduction Restorative justice refers to a general philosophy, model, or way of practicing justice that stands in contras...

Risk Assessment

Ashley A. Pritchard, Adam J. E. Blanchard, Kevin S. Douglas

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Risk Assessment Introduction Violence risk assessment is the process of identifying the level of risk for future violence posed by offenders, ...

Routine Activity Theories

Per-Olof H. Wikström

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Routine Activity Theories Introduction Routine activity theory, like the related lifestyle-exposure theory, emerged as a key theoretical ap...

School Bullying

Lucy Bowes

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

School Bullying Introduction Bullying victimization began to be systematically researched only in the early 1970s following a number of suicid...

School Crime and Violence

Allison Payne

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2010-11-01

School Crime and Violence Introduction Although school-related deaths, violent victimizations in school, and overall school crime have declin...

School Safety, Security, and Discipline

Thomas J. Mowen, Emily Bragg

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2021-05-26

School Safety, Security, and DisciplineIntroductionThe safety of children and young adults in the hallways of schools across the United States remains...

Seasonality and Crime

Kristin Carbone-Lopez

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Seasonality and Crime Introduction There is a long history within criminology and related disciplines (such as psychology and psychiatry) of s...

Self-Control, The General Theory:

John Paul Wright

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

The General Theory: Self-Control Introduction The "General Theory" of self-control posited in Gottfredson and Hirschi 1990 (see General Ove...

Self-Report Crime Surveys

Delbert Elliott

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2017-06-27

Self-Report Crime SurveysIntroductionHistorically, measures and surveys of crime were all counts of law enforcement activity—crimes reported to the po...

Sentencing Enhancements

Traci Schlesinger

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2019-02-27

Sentencing EnhancementsIntroductionSentencing enhancements are policies that mandate that people who are convicted of criminalized behaviors while eng...

Sentencing Guidelines

Anat Kimchi, Brian D. Johnson

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2011-04-14

Sentencing GuidelinesIntroductionSentencing guidelines are formal sentencing recommendations that provide benchmarks for appropriate punishments to ju...

Sentencing Policy

Andres F. Rengifo

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Sentencing Policy Introduction Sentencing policies govern the administration of legal sanctions for individuals convicted of a criminal offense...

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