Evolutionary Biology - T - Oxford Bibliographies

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Quantitative Genetic Variation and Heritability

Eleanor O'Brien, John Hunt, Jason B. Wolf

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2015-04-29

Quantitative GeneticsIntroductionQuantitative genetics is the study of the genetic basis underlying phenotypic variation among individuals, with a foc...

Reaction Norms, Evolution of

Rebekah A. Oomen, Jeffrey A. Hutchings

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2020-10-28

Evolution of Reaction NormsIntroductionPhenotypic variance is a function of genetic variability, environmental variation, and the ways in which geneti...

Reinforcement

Henry Arenas-Castro, Beth Brittain, Daniel R. Matute, Daniel Ortiz-Barrientos

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2019-06-26

ReinforcementIntroductionReinforcement, or the strengthening of reproductive isolation in response to hybridization costs, is a case in which natural ...

Reproductive Proteins, Evolution of

Alberto Civetta

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-09-28

Evolution of Reproductive ProteinsIntroductionEvolutionary geneticists have long been interested in the identification of variation at the molecular l...

Selection Gradients

Sandy Kawano

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2020-01-15

Selection GradientsIntroductionNatural selection and sexual selection are important evolutionary processes that can shape the phenotypic distributions...

Selection, Directional

Andrew MacColl

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Directional Selection Introduction Directional selection occurs when individuals with traits on one side of the mean in their population survi...

Selection, Disruptive

Adam M. Siepielski

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-11-25

Disruptive Selection Introduction A population experiences disruptive selection when more extreme phenotypes (or genotypes) within a populatio...

Selection, Natural

Mark A. McPeek

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Natural Selection Introduction Natural selection is the evolutionary process by which individuals with particular attributes in a population c...

Selection, Sexual

Charlotta Kvarnemo

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Sexual Selection Introduction In 1871 Darwin introduced the “sexual selection” concept in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex

Selfish Genes

Jon Arvid Agren, Greg Hurst

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2017-10-25

Selfish GenesIntroductionIn its original formulation, Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection was based upon individual organisms. It is ind...

Sexual Conflict

Claudia Fricke

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Sexual Conflict Introduction Sexual conflict is an evolutionary theory within the framework of sexual selection based on the observation that ...

Sexual Selection and Speciation

Janette W. Boughman, Jason Keagy, Emily Weigel

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2017-02-28

Sexual Selection and SpeciationIntroductionThe widespread observation that for many closely related taxa, sexual traits differ more markedly than othe...

Sexual Size Dimorphism

Wolf Blanckenhorn

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2018-06-27

Sexual Size DimorphismIntroductionSexual reproduction is common in nature, especially among larger organisms (animals and plants), albeit not ubiquito...

Speciation

Richard G. Harrison

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Speciation Introduction The diversity of life on earth is a balance between the origination rate of new lineages or species and the rate at wh...

Speciation Genetics and Genomics

Chris Jiggins, Catherine Peichel

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-09-29

Speciation Genetics and Genomics Introduction Speciation is the evolutionary process that generates biodiversity and has been a central focus ...

Speciation, Sympatric

Axel Meyer, Andreas F. Kautt

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-08-26

Sympatric Speciation Introduction Speciation can be described as the process of the splitting of cohesive groups of organisms into distinct en...

Species Concepts

Jody Hey

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-07-30

Species Concepts Introduction In a general and nontechnical sense, species are kinds of organisms. But for naturalists, from at least the earl...

Sperm Competition

Simone Immler

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Sperm Competition Introduction Sperm competition is defined as the competition between sperm from at least two males for the fertilization of ...

Stasis

Scott Lidgard, Melanie Hopkins

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2015-08-31

Stasis Introduction In modern biology, stasis refers primarily to a relative lack of evolutionary change over a long period during the history...

Systems Biology

Mark L. Siegal

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Systems BiologyIntroductionThe exact meaning of the term systems biology is debated, yet most biologists agree that it refers to the study of organism...

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