Evolutionary Biology - V - Oxford Bibliographies

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Origin of Eukaryotes

Gautam Dey, Buzz Baum, David A. Baum

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2018-06-27

Origin of EukaryotesIntroductionMuch of the visible living world around us is characterized by cells that contain a nucleus enclosing the genetic mate...

Origin of Life, The

S. Blair Hedges

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

The Origin of Life Introduction Biological evolution begins with the origin of life, but the subject is the perhaps the most interdisciplinary...

Paradox of Sex

Isa Schön, Koen Martens

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Paradox of SexIntroductionThe evolution of sex can be divided into two major but rather different topics, the origin and the maintenance of sex. The o...

Parental Care, Evolution of

Per T. Smiseth

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Evolution of Parental CareIntroductionParental care involves traits expressed by parents that are directed toward their offspring and that enhance the...

Parthenogenesis

Tanja Schwander

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Parthenogenesis Introduction Parthenogenesis is the development of an unfertilized egg into a new individual. Coined by Carl Theodor Ernst von...

Personality Differences, Evolution of

Denis Réale, Alexander Weiss

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Evolution of Personality Differences Introduction The concept of personality comes from psychology. Although they are various definitions of p...

Phenotypic Plasticity

Nick Levis, David W. Pfennig

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2017-10-25

Phenotypic PlasticityIntroductionPhenotypic plasticity (often termed “plasticity”) is generally defined as the capacity of an individual organism to a...

Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and Tests of Macroevolutionary Questions

Emilia P. Martins, Jesualdo Arturo Fuentes-González

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2018-04-26

Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and Tests of Macroevolutionary QuestionsIntroductionThe comparative method has been used throughout biology to genera...

Phylogenetic Trees, Interpretation of

Stacey D. Smith

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-08-26

Interpretation of Phylogenetic Trees Introduction At first glance, a phylogenetic tree appears to be a relatively simple diagram, beginning at...

Phylogeography

Bryan C. Carstens

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Phylogeography Introduction The discipline of phylogeography is relatively new; it gained momentum when John Avise and colleagues coined the t...

Polyploid Speciation

Doug Soltis, Clayton Visger

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-10-27

Polyploid SpeciationIntroductionDiploid organisms have two complete sets of chromosomes. Polyploidy, often referred to now as whole genome duplication...

Population Genetics

A. Rus Hoelzel

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

Population GeneticsIntroductionThe molecule that determines life, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), can be usefully divided up into segments called “loci” ...

Population Structure

Gilles Guillot, Ludovic Orlando

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-10-28

Population Structure Introduction The term “population structure” (or “population subdivision”) usually refers to the patterns in neutral gene...

Post-Copulatory Sexual Selection

Patricia L.R. Brennan, Dara N. Orbach

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2021-02-24

Post-Copulatory Sexual SelectionIntroductionThe field of post-copulatory sexual selection investigates how female and male adaptations have evolved to...

Psychology, Evolutionary

S. Craig Roberts

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Evolutionary Psychology Introduction Evolutionary psychology aims to document, understand, and interpret human behavior using an evolutionary ...

Punctuated Equilibria

David Sepkoski

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Punctuated Equilibria Introduction In 1972, Niles Eldredge and Stephen Jay Gould published a paper titled “Punctuated Equilibria: An Alternati...

Quantitative Genetic Variation and Heritability

Eleanor O'Brien, John Hunt, Jason B. Wolf

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2015-04-29

Quantitative GeneticsIntroductionQuantitative genetics is the study of the genetic basis underlying phenotypic variation among individuals, with a foc...

Reaction Norms, Evolution of

Rebekah A. Oomen, Jeffrey A. Hutchings

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2020-10-28

Evolution of Reaction NormsIntroductionPhenotypic variance is a function of genetic variability, environmental variation, and the ways in which geneti...

Reinforcement

Henry Arenas-Castro, Beth Brittain, Daniel R. Matute, Daniel Ortiz-Barrientos

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2019-06-26

ReinforcementIntroductionReinforcement, or the strengthening of reproductive isolation in response to hybridization costs, is a case in which natural ...

Reproductive Proteins, Evolution of

Alberto Civetta

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-09-28

Evolution of Reproductive ProteinsIntroductionEvolutionary geneticists have long been interested in the identification of variation at the molecular l...

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