Classics - Oxford Bibliographies

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Academy, The

Harold Tarrant

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

The Academy Introduction The term “Academy,” even in the context of the ancient world, could mean a number of different things. The most gener...

Acropolis of Athens, The

Nancy Klein

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-06-29

The Acropolis of Athens Introduction The Acropolis (Akropolis) of Athens has played an important role in the history of the city from prehisto...


Isabelle Torrance

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

AeschylusIntroductionAeschylus (also spelled Aischylos or Aiskhylos) was born c. 525/4 bce to an aristocratic family in Eleusis, a town in western Att...

Aeschylus’s Oresteia

Robin Mitchell-Boyask

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2018-01-11

Aeschylus’s OresteiaIntroductionThe Oresteia, the pinnacle, and likely the final production, of Aeschylus’s long career in Athens, was produced at the...

Aesthetics, Greek and Roman

Oleg V. Bychkov

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-11-21

Greek and Roman AestheticsIntroductionAesthetics is a modern discipline founded in the 18th century, turned into a robust branch of philosophy by Kant...

Africa, Roman

David Stone

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2018-11-29

Roman AfricaIntroductionAfrica, in the context of the Roman world, refers to territory north of the Sahara Desert stretching from Libya in the East to...

Agriculture in the Classical World

Carlo Scardino

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2018-07-24

Agriculture in the Classical WorldIntroductionIn pre-industrial societies, agriculture was one of the most significant economic factors. Not only was ...


Brian Warren

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

AlcibiadesIntroductionAlcibiades began his political career in Athens in the 420s bce, and became an important politician and general during the Pelop...

Alexander of Aphrodisias

Silvia Fazzo, Luca Gili

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2018-04-26

Alexander of AphrodisiasIntroductionThe Greek Aristotelian commentator par excellence, Alexander of Aphrodisias (fl. c 200 ce) shaped the reception an...

Alexander the Great

Joseph Roisman

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-04-14

Alexander the GreatIntroductionIt has been said about Alexander the Great (b. 356–d. 323 bce) that his name marked the end of an old world epoch and t...


Christian Rollinger

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2020-08-26

AmicitiaIntroductionThe question of what constitutes friendship—a true friend—is one that has been asked in many societies and historically contingent...

Ammianus Marcellinus

Gavin Kelly

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Ammianus MarcellinusIntroductionAmmianus Marcellinus (b. c. 330—d. after 390) was a native Greek speaker who served in the Roman army and in about 390...


Stavros Vlizos

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2022-07-26

AmyklaionIntroductionThe sanctuary of Apollo Amyklaios is located on the low hill of Agia Kyriaki, at a distance of 5 kilometers south of Sparta, roug...

Anatolian, Greek and

José Virgilio García Trabazo

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2022-07-26

Greek and AnatolianIntroductionFor more than a century now, progress in the field of comparative Indo-European linguistics has been enormous, largely ...


Patricia Curd

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2014-05-29

Anaxagoras Introduction The Presocratic philosopher Anaxagoras of Clazomenae (in Ionia, now western Turkey) was active in the mid-5th century

Ancient Classical Scholarship

David Butterfield

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-08-23

Ancient Classical ScholarshipIntroductionThe term ancient classical scholarship denotes the close study of literary texts by critics active in the anc...

Ancient Greek and Latin Grammarians

Franck Cinato

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2018-08-28

Ancient Greek and Latin GrammariansIntroductionGrammarians are specialists of language(s) and texts. Although their status, attributions, and function...

Ancient Greek Terracotta Sculpture

Arthur Muller, Jaimee Uhlenbrock

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2022-01-12

Ancient Greek Terracotta SculptureIntroductionThe phrase “terracotta sculpture” refers to all figurative representations in fired clay produced in Gre...

Ancient Mediterranean Baths and Bathing

Betsey A. Robinson

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2021-10-27

Ancient Mediterranean Baths and BathingIntroductionStudies of ancient Mediterranean baths and bathing are now so ubiquitous that it is easily forgotte...

Ancient Skepticism

Richard Bett

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2018-05-24

Ancient SkepticismIntroductionWhile ideas that can loosely be called skeptical may be found from very early in Greek philosophy, skepticism as an orga...