Philosophy - Oxford Bibliographies

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Elizabeth Frazer

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-07-26

CommunitarianismIntroductionCommunitarianism, like other “isms,” is relational—worked out and articulated in distinction from rival philosophical posi...

Computational Science

Paul Humphreys

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-07-24

Computational Science Introduction Computational science is a recent addition to the stock of scientific methods. Many scientists and philosop...

Computer Science, Philosophy of

Raymond Turner

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2019-05-29

Philosophy of Computer ScienceIntroductionThe subject matter of computer science encompasses a large number of different activities that range from ab...

Comte, Auguste

Michel Bourdeau

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-09-29

Auguste Comte Introduction Auguste Comte (b. 1798–d. 1857) is the founder of positivist philosophy: he coined the term positivism, a word he u...


Kevan Edwards

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Concepts Introduction Debates about the nature of concepts are sufficiently fraught that it is difficult to give an uncontroversial characteri...

Conceptual Role Semantics

Arvid Båve

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-09-29

Conceptual Role SemanticsIntroductionThis article treats of a family of theories variously known also as “inferentialism,” “inferential/functional/cog...


Christopher Gauker

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Conditionals Introduction In English, a conditional is a sentence of the form, “If p, then q” (or of a synonymous form). The part of the senten...


Justin Dallmann, Franz Huber

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

ConfirmationIntroductionThe term confirmation is used in epistemology and the philosophy of science whenever observational data and other information ...


Eric L. Hutton

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-08-31

ConfuciusIntroduction“Confucius” is the Latinized version of the Chinese term Kongfuzi 孔夫子, which is a more elaborate version of the more common term ...


Kenneth Aizawa

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

ConnectionismIntroduction“Connectionism” in its most generic sense describes theories that postulate interconnected networks of simple neuron-like inf...


Darragh Byrne

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Consciousness Introduction The psychological phenomenon that many regard as the most perplexing is consciousness, or, very roughly defi...

Constructive Empiricism

Paul Dicken

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-04-24

Constructive Empiricism Introduction Constructive empiricism is the view that (a) science aims to produce theories that are empirically adequat...

Contemporary Hylomorphism

Andrew Bailey, Shane Maxwell Wilkins

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-02-22

Contemporary HylomorphismIntroductionAristotle famously held that objects are comprised of matter and form. That is the central doctrine of hylomorphi...


Tim Black

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Contextualism Introduction According to contextualism in epistemology, the truth-value of knowledge attributions (“S knows that p”) and knowled...


Nathan Cockram, Adam Morton

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-06-27

ContrastivismIntroductionIn the history of epistemology, there are many suggestions for separating what we can or do know with what we cannot or do no...

Cook Wilson, John

Guy Longworth

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2019-01-15

John Cook WilsonIntroductionJohn Cook Wilson (b. 1849–d. 1915) was Wykeham Professor of Logic at the University of Oxford. He made a number of contrib...

Cosmology, Philosophy of

Craig Fox, Marie Gueguen, Adam Koberinski, Chris Smeenk

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2019-08-28

Philosophy of CosmologyIntroductionPhysical cosmology, the study of the large-scale structure of the universe and its evolution, has become a central ...

Critical Theory

Claudio Corradetti

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-08-28

Critical TheoryIntroductionCritical theory is a philosophical movement that developed from the Frankfurt School, initially hosted at the Institute of ...

Culture and Cognition

Mirko Farina

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-11-28

Culture and CognitionIntroductionCulture is, notoriously, an intractably large and complex phenomenon, and any attempt to define it is ultimately doom...

Daoism and Philosophy

Jung Lee

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-01-11

Daoism and PhilosophyIntroductionAlong with Confucianism, Daoism represents one of the major indigenous philosophical and religious traditions of Chin...

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