Renaissance and Reformation - Oxford Bibliographies

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Bellarmine, Cardinal

Stefania Tutino

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

Cardinal Bellarmine Introduction Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino (or Bellarmine, in the Anglicized version) was born in 1542 and died in 1...

Bembo, Pietro

Craig Kallendorf

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2016-02-25

Pietro BemboIntroductionPietro Bembo (b. 1470–d. 1547) was born into an aristocratic Venetian family, one in which his father Bernardo ensured that he...

Benito Arias Montano

Hilaire Kallendorf

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2020-09-24

Benito Arias MontanoIntroductionBenito Arias Montano (b. c. 1525/27–d. 1598) was a Spanish humanist, censor, polymath, and chaplain to King Philip II,...

Bernardino of Siena, San

Letizia Pellegrini

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

San Bernardino of Siena Introduction Bernardino da Siena (b. 1380–d. 1444), born in Massa Marittima, Italy, left his birthplace after the deat...

Beroaldo, Filippo, the Elder

Craig Kallendorf

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2016-09-28

Filippo Beroaldo the ElderIntroductionFilippo Beroaldo (b. 1453–d. 1505) was one of the most famous humanists of his day, but although he has attracte...

Bessarion, Cardinal

John Monfasani

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2015-01-15

Cardinal Bessarion Introduction In the last century of Byzantium, as the Ottoman conquests culminated in the taking of Constantinople in 1453,...

Bible, The

Hannibal Hamlin

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2015-09-29

The Bible Introduction The primary texts for the Renaissance were the works of Greek and Roman writers. For the Reformation, however, only one...

Biondo, Flavio

Nicoletta Pellegrino

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-04-28

Flavio BiondoIntroductionFlavio Biondo (b. 1392–d. 1463) was born in Forlì in the Romagna region of Italy. After obtaining a law degree in 1427, Biond...

Bishops, 1400-1550

Stella Fletcher

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2018-11-29

Bishops, 1400–1550IntroductionWithin the hierarchy of the Church, bishops are regarded as successors to the apostles, ranking above priests and deacon...

Bishops, 1550–1700

Stella Fletcher

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2019-10-30

Bishops, 1550–1700IntroductionThe church “thinks in centuries,” meaning that the role and significance of the episcopate remained the same in the peri...

Black Death and Plague: The Disease and Medical Thought

Samuel Kline Cohn

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Black Death and Plague: The Disease and Medical Thought Introduction The history of the Black Death constitutes one of the most interdiscipli...

Boccaccio, Giovanni

Jason Houston

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2014-07-30

Giovanni BoccaccioIntroductionGiovanni Boccaccio (b. 1313–d. 1375), along with the two other great Florentine writers, Dante Alighieri and Francesco P...

Bohemia and Bohemian Crown Lands

James Palmitessa

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Bohemia and Bohemian Crown LandsIntroduction“Bohemia” can refer to the Kingdom of Bohemia proper or, as a shortened form, to the Bohemian Crown Lands ...

Borgia, Cesare

Stella Fletcher

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2018-05-24

Cesare BorgiaIntroductionCesare Borgia (b. 1475–d. 1507) came to prominence when his father, Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, was elected Pope Alexander VI in...

Borgia, Lucrezia

Stella Fletcher

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2019-01-15

Lucrezia BorgiaIntroductionLucrezia Borgia (b. 1480–d. 1519) is well known as the much-loved daughter of Pope Alexander VI, affectionate sister of the...

Borromeo, Cardinal Carlo

Emanuele Colombo

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2016-02-25

Cardinal Carlo BorromeoIntroductionCarlo Borromeo (b. 1538–d. 1584), who was a cardinal archbishop of Milan (1564–1584), represented a model bishop in...

Bosch, Hieronymous

Laurinda Dixon

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

Hieronymus BoschIntroductionThe art of Hieronymus Bosch has challenged and fascinated viewers since the 15th century. His hybrid creatures and creativ...

Bracciolini, Poggio

Craig Kallendorf

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Poggio BraccioliniIntroductionGian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini (b. 1380–d. 1459) is one of the more interesting of the early Italian humanists. He sp...

Brahe, Tycho

Adam Mosley

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2016-06-28

Tycho BraheIntroductionThe Danish nobleman Tycho Brahe (b. 1546– d. 1601) is one of the best-known astronomers of the 16th century. He is particularly...

Bruegel, Pieter the Elder

Nina Serebrennikov

Subject: Renaissance and Reformation »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Pieter Bruegel the Elder Introduction Pieter Bruegel the Elder (b. c. 1526–d. 1569) is arguably the least-documented artist of stature in 16th-...

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