Music - Oxford Bibliographies

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Strauss, Richard

James L. Zychowicz

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

Richard Strauss Introduction The legacy of Richard Strauss (b. 1864–d. 1949) as a composer includes symphonic poems, operas, Lieder, and other...

Stravinsky, Igor

Mark McFarland

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Igor StravinskyIntroductionIgor Stravinsky (1882–1971) is arguably the greatest composer of the 20th century. His worldwide fame began with his three ...

Street Music

Paul Watt, Daniel Bacchieri

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2021-04-21

Street MusicIntroductionFor centuries, street musicians, or buskers, have been plying their trade the world over. However, the study of street music a...

String Quartet

Robin Stowell

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-04-28

String QuartetIntroductionThe term “string quartet” normally denotes either an ensemble of four string players—usually two violinists, a violist, and ...


Bruce Gustafson

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Suite Introduction The French word “suite” derives from “suivre” (“to follow”); thus, it denotes a succession of constituent parts that can be ...

Sustainability, Music

Catherine Grant

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Music SustainabilityIntroductionThe sustainability of music is an emerging—or rather, reemerging—theme in ethnomusicological research. Early studies i...


Nicolas Waldvogel

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Symphony Introduction In its simplest definition, a symphony is an extended orchestral work in several movements. The origins of the genre hav...

Tailleferre, Germaine

Louis K. Epstein

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2020-04-22

Germaine TailleferreIntroductionGermaine Tailleferre (b. 1892–d. 1983) was a prolific composer of symphonic, chamber, film, and radio music who partic...

Tallis, Thomas

Kerry McCarthy

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2014-07-30

Thomas Tallis Introduction The life of the composer Thomas Tallis (b. c. 1505–d. 20 or 23 November 1585) spanned most of the 16th century, wit...

Talma, Louise

Kendra Preston Leonard

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-03-31

Louise TalmaIntroductionAmerican composer Louise Talma (b. c. 1906–d. 1996) was primarily active from the mid-1920s to 1990. She began her musical car...

Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Ilyich

Simon Morrison

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Introduction Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (also spelled Tchaikovski, Chaykovsky, Čajkovskij; b. 1840–d. 1893) flourished ...

Technology, Music

Mark Katz, Brian Jones

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-02-26

Music TechnologyIntroductionTechnology is a broadly applied term that can be taken to mean any practical application of scientific knowledge or any to...

Telemann, Georg Philipp

Jeanne Swack

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Georg Philipp Telemann Introduction Georg Philipp Telemann (b. 1681–d. 1767) was born in Magdeburg 14 March 1681. He began singing lessons a...


Pamela A. Moro

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2014-09-29

Thailand Introduction The musical traditions of Thailand are diverse, reflecting a nation that has been shaped by manifold flows of people, cu...


Thomas Christensen

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2019-02-27

TonalityIntroductionTonality is a ubiquitous term in musical discourse as indispensable as it is obfuscating. Typically, the term tonality (and more g...

Troubadours and Trouvères

Ardis Butterfield, Elizabeth Hebbard

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2021-04-21

Troubadours and TrouvèresIntroductionIn the 12th and 13th centuries, the troubadours in Occitania and the trouvères in northern France composed songs ...

Umm Kulthūm

Virginia Danielson

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2021-09-22

Umm KulthumIntroductionUmm Kulthum was probably the most famous singer in the Arab world during the 20th century, and among the most highly regarded f...

Variation Form

Judith Ofcarcik, Gillian Robertson

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2021-03-24

Variation FormIntroductionFor centuries, variations have garnered the attention of Western composers and amassed popularity among virtuosi and audienc...

Vaughan Williams, Ralph

Eric Saylor

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Ralph Vaughan WilliamsIntroductionRalph Vaughan Williams, O.M. (b. 1872–d. 1958), was the leading English composer of his generation and one of the fo...

Verdi, Giuseppe

Francesco Izzo

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2012-11-21

Giuseppe VerdiIntroductionGiuseppe Verdi (b. 1813–d. 1901) was the leading opera composer of 19th-century Italy. During his long and sensationally suc...

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