Music - Oxford Bibliographies

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Liszt, Franz

Jonathan Kregor

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Franz Liszt Introduction Franz Liszt (1811–1886) was a central, though controversial, musical figure in the 19th century. Distinguished as a pi...

Lully, Jean-Baptiste

Bruce Gustafson

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Jean-Baptiste Lully Introduction Jean-Baptiste Lully (b. 1632–d. 1687) is justifiably considered the founder of French opera, creating a style...

Lute, Vihuela, and Early Guitar

John Griffiths, Paul Kieffer

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2018-11-29

Lute, Vihuela, and Early GuitarIntroductionLutes, guitars, and vihuelas were the principal plucked instruments in use in Europe until around 1800. Anc...

Luther, Martin

Alexander Fisher

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2017-07-26

Martin LutherIntroductionMore than any other theologian or religious reformer, Martin Luther (b. 1483–d. 1546) shaped the course of modern Western mus...

Machaut, Guillaume de

Lawrence Earp

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Guillaume de MachautIntroductionGuillaume de Machaut (b. c. 1300–d. 1377) was the leading poet and composer of the period from about 1340 to 1375 in F...


Edmond Strainchamps

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2018-04-26

MadrigalIntroductionMadrigal is the name of a musical genre for voices that set mostly secular poetry in two epochs: the first occurred during the 14t...

Mahler, Gustav

James L. Zychowicz

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Gustav MahlerIntroductionGustav Mahler (b. 1860–d. 1911) is known for the Lieder and symphonies he composed, which may be seen to bring the 19th-centu...


Anne Schnoebelen

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2018-10-25

MassIntroductionThe term “Mass” commonly indicates the Eucharistic service rooted in early Christian and medieval liturgies, and its expansion within ...

Massenet, Jules

Lesley Wright

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2018-04-26

Jules MassenetIntroductionBetween 1867 and 1912, Jules Massenet (Émile Frédéric) (b. 1842–d. 1912) completed some twenty-five operas that dominated th...

Medieval Music

Mary Wolinski, James Borders

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2020-02-26

Medieval MusicIntroductionMedieval music generally refers to western European music between the late 8th and early 15th centuries, although topics con...

Medievalism and Music

James Cook, Karen Cook

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2018-03-28

Medievalism and MusicIntroductionMedievalism, broadly construed, concerns the cultural and intellectual afterlife of the Middle Ages. It has a long tr...

Mendelssohn, Felix

R. Larry Todd

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Felix Mendelssohn Introduction Of Western classical composers, Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (b.1809–d. 1847) has occupied a most unusual positio...

Messiaen, Olivier

Nigel Simeone

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Olivier Messiaen Introduction Olivier Messiaen (b. 1908–d. 1992) was one of the true originals of 20th-century music: a composer whose innovati...


Alejandro L. Madrid

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2015-03-10

Mexico Introduction The systematic study of music was born out of the European projects of nation building at the end of the 19th century. The...

Milhaud, Darius

Erin K. Maher

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

Darius MilhaudIntroductionDarius Milhaud (b. 1892–d. 1974) was a composer who traveled widely and absorbed a variety of compositional influences while...


Robert Fink, Cecilia Sun

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-09-28

MinimalismIntroductionIn the history of late 20th-century music, “minimalism” is the general label for a diverse set of repetitive, modular, determini...

Monteverdi, Claudio

Linda Maria Koldau

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-02-26

Claudio Monteverdi Introduction Claudio Monteverdi (b. 1567–d. 1643) occupies a prominent position in music history. His innovations in musica...


Jennifer Thomas

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2014-09-29

Motet Introduction The motet, a free-standing work usually for a vocal ensemble, emerged in the late 12th or early 13th century and evolved ov...

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus

David Buch

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

Wolfgang Amadeus MozartIntroductionWolfgang Amadeus Mozart (baptized Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, b. 27 January 1756–d. 5 Decem...

Music and Cognition

Ian Goldstein

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-03-31

Music and CognitionIntroductionMusic and cognition refers to the study of musical thinking. In basic terms, it seeks to understand the mental processe...

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