Music - Oxford Bibliographies

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Music and Cognition

Ian Goldstein

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-03-31

Music and CognitionIntroductionMusic and cognition refers to the study of musical thinking. In basic terms, it seeks to understand the mental processe...

Music in the Balkans

Jim Samson

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2019-04-24

Music in the BalkansIntroductionFor the purposes of this article, “the Balkans” refers to the territories of present-day Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Ro...

Musica Ficta

Theodor Dumitrescu

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

Musica FictaIntroductionIn a strict sense, musica ficta (“false, feigned, or contrived music”) is a music-theoretical concept active mostly from the m...


Kent Conrad

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

Musical Introduction The musical is a genre of musical theater that combines singing, spoken dialogue, and dance, with the three elements more...

Musical Instruments, Classification of

Bronia Kornhauser

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2015-09-29

Classification of Instruments Introduction The classification of musical instruments, the oldest system of which dates back at least four mill...

Musorgsky, Modest Petrovich

Svetlana Maddox, Elena Nagacevschi

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2018-02-22

Modest Petrovich MusorgskyIntroductionModest Petrovich Musorgsky (b. 1839–d. 1881) is one of Russia’s most prominent 19th-century composers. While he ...

N’Dour, Youssou

Emma Jensen

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2021-01-12

Youssou N’DourIntroductionYoussou N’Dour (b. 1959) is a world-renowned Senegalese pop star. He was born into a devout Muslim home in Dakar to Elimane ...

Nationalism in Western Art Music

Jonathan Gentry

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Nationalism in Western Art Music Introduction During the 18th century, music developed the capacity to articulate nationalism. While local and ...

Nketia, J.H. Kwabena

Kwasi Ampene

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2021-07-28

J.H. Kwabena NketiaIntroductionJoseph Hanson Kwabena Nketia (b. 22 June 1921–d. 13 March 2019) from Ghana was the preeminent scholar of African musics...

North Africa

Kristy Barbacane

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

North Africa Introduction Also known as the Maghrib, the geographical region of North Africa traditionally describes the present-day nations o...


Geoffrey Burgess

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2017-05-24

OboeIntroductionThe term oboe refers to a conical-bored treble aerophone that uses a double reed as sound generator. Although their origins are still ...


Micaela Baranello

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-02-25

OperettaIntroductionOperetta is a form of musical theater that mixes song with spoken dialogue and dance. It originated in France in the 1850s and spr...

Orchestral Music

D. Kern Holoman

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2012-03-23

Orchestral Music Introduction Music for the concert orchestra that coalesced in 18th-century Europe falls into two major genres: the symphony ...


Thomas Payne

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Organum Introduction As the Latin form of the Greek ὄργανον (organon: “tool,” “instrument,” “systematic principle”), the word organum refers m...

Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da

Noel O'Regan

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Giovanni Pierluigi Da PalestrinaIntroductionThe composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina was already being recognized as an iconic figure during his ...

Peking Opera (Beijing Opera, jingju)

Stella Zhizhi Li

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2019-03-27

Peking Opera (Beijing Opera, jingju)IntroductionPeking Opera (jingju 京剧), a major genre of classical Chinese theater (xiqu 戏曲), emerged in the late 18...

Penderecki, Krzysztof

Andrea F. Bohlman

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-02-25

Krzysztof PendereckiIntroductionKrzysztof Penderecki (1933–) was one of the most celebrated and, at times, controversial composers from Poland in the ...

Performance Practice in Western Art Music

Mary Cyr

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-10-27

Performance Practice in Western Art MusicIntroductionPerformance practice (or performing practice, from the German word Aufführungspraxis) is a field ...

Philosophy of Music

Theodore Gracyk

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Philosophy of MusicIntroductionNarrowly construed, philosophy of music encompasses all theorizing about music that arises within philosophy. More broa...

Ponce, Manuel

Jorge Barrón Corvera

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2021-09-22

Manuel PonceIntroductionManuel María Ponce Cuéllar (b. Fresnillo, Zacatecas, 8 December 1882–d. Mexico City, 24 April 1948) is one of Mexico’s foremos...

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