Philosophy

Editor in Chief | Area Editors | Articles and Contributors

Philosophy is one of the oldest areas of study with a long history of critical literature, and it remains a highly active field for new research and publishing. The number of books and articles published seems to increase every year. Much of the most recent work has moved online in one form or another, and older material that was once out of print or difficult to find is being made more easily available. The result being that today’s students and researchers have ready access to overwhelming array of potentially useful primary texts, journal articles, reference works, and a wide range of other resources. Oxford Bibliographies in Philosophy is designed to provide authoritative guidance. In contrast to print bibliographies and electronic indexes that simply list citations, this innovative online reference tool will combine the best features of a high-level encyclopedia and the best features of a traditional bibliography put together in a style that responds to the way people do research online.

 

Editor in Chief

Duncan Pritchard is Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Irvine, USA, and Professor of Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland. His main research area is epistemology, and he has published widely in this field. His monographs include Epistemic Luck (Oxford University Press, 2005), The Nature and Value of Knowledge (with Adrian Haddock and Alan Millar, Oxford University Press, 2010), Epistemological Disjunctivism (Oxford University Press, 2012), and Epistemic Angst (Princeton University Press, 2015). In 2007 he was awarded a Philip Leverhulme Prize for his research. In 2011 he was elected to a Fellowship of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. In 2013 he delivered the Soochow Lectures in Philosophy.

 


AREA EDITORS

University of Glasgow
University of Miami
University of Edinburgh
Northwestern University

FOUNDING EDITORIAL BOARD

University of Notre Dame
University of Warwick
York University, Toronto
Central European University
University of Texas at Austin
Washington University, St. Louis
EHESS
Universität Wien
Washington University in St. Louis
University of York
University of Chicago
New York University
University of Toronto
University of Oxford
Lund University
Rutgers University
Collège de France
University of Oklahoma

ARTICLES AND CONTRIBUTORS

* = recently published

Aesthetics

Mohan Matthen
University of Toronto
Zachary Weinstein
University of Toronto
Peter Lamarque
University of York
Mary Kate McGowan
Wellesley College
Bianka Takaoka
Cornell University
Stephen Davies
University of Auckland
Filippo Contesi
University of Barcelona
James O. Young
University of Victoria
Andrea Sauchelli
Lingnan University
Jennifer A. McMahon
University of Adelaide
Clive Cazeaux
Cardiff Metropolitan University
Ben Blumson
National University of Singapore
Peter Lamarque
University of York
Peter Lamarque
University of York
Guy Rohrbaugh
Auburn University
Katherine Thomson-Jones
Oberlin College
Jonathan Gilmore
CUNY Graduate Center and Baruch College

Epistemology

Albert Casullo
University of Nebraska – Lincoln
Igor Douven
Université Paris-Sorbonne
Ali Hasan
University of Iowa
Jonathan L. Kvanvig
Washington University in St. Louis
Duncan Pritchard
University of California, Irvine
Tim Black
California State University, Northridge
Nathan Cockram
University of British Columbia
Adam Morton
University of British Columbia
Berit Brogaard
University of Miami
Daniel M. Mittag
Albion College
Patrick Bondy
Wichita State University
Dustin Olson
University of Regina
Miranda Fricker
University of Sheffield
Peter Graham
University of California, Riverside
Jeremy Fantl
University of Calgary
Matthew McGrath
Rutgers University
Ernest Sosa
Rutgers University
J. Adam Carter
University of Glasgow
S. Orestis Palermos
Cardiff University
Jennifer Lackey
Northwestern University
J. Adam Carter
University of Glasgow
Ben Kotzee
University of Birmingham
Duncan Pritchard
University of California, Irvine
Duncan Pritchard
University of California, Irvine
Trent Dougherty
Baylor University
James Marcum
Baylor University
Alessandra Tanesini
Cardiff University
Jeffrey Helzner
Blackboard Insurance
Vincent F. Hendricks
University of Copenhagen
Baron Reed
Northwestern University
Peter Klein
Rutgers University
John Turri
University of Waterloo
Casey Johnson
University of Connecticut
Hanna Gunn
University of Connecticut
Michael P. Lynch
University of Connecticut
Nathan Sheff
University of Connecticut
Jonathan Ichikawa
University of British Columbia
Ernest Sosa
Rutgers University
John Turri
University of Waterloo
Clayton Littlejohn
King's College London
Boleslaw Czarnecki
University of Edinburgh
Georgi Gardiner
University of Oxford
Chris Ranalli
University of Cologne
Christos Kyriacou
University of Cyprus
Kelly Becker
University of New Mexico
Aaron Zimmerman
University of California at Santa Barbara
Fred D'Agostino
University of Queensland
Michael Clark
The University of Nottingham
Luca Moretti
University of Aberdeen and Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy
Darren Bradley
University of Leeds
Diego E. Machuca
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
Patrick Rysiew
University of Victoria
Kurt Sylvan
University of Southampton
Erik J. Olsson
Lunds Universitet
Quassim Cassam
University of Warwick
Alvin I. Goldman
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Thomas Blanchard
Illinois Wesleyan University
Ryan Byerly
University of Sheffield
Igor Douven
Université Paris-Sorbonne
Gabriele Gava
Goethe-Universität
Judith Simon
Universität Hamburg
Davide Fassio
Zhejiang University
Stephen Grimm
Fordham University
Michael Hannon
University of Nottingham
Luis Rosa
University of Cologne
Erik J. Olsson
Lunds Universitet
John Turri
University of Waterloo
Ernest Sosa
Rutgers University
Dennis Whitcomb
Western Washington University

Ethics

Michael Tooley
University of Colorado Boulder
Adrian Haddock
University of Stirling
Mark Rowlands
University of Miami
Thomas Søbirk Petersen
Roskilde Universitet
Jesper Ryberg
Roskilde Universitet
Jeffrey Moriarty
Bentley University
Steven Luper
Trinity University
Fiona Woollard
University of Southampton
Andrew Brennan
La Trobe University
Norva Lo
La Trobe University
Tim Mulgan
University of Auckland
Jörg Schroth
University of Göttingen
Robert Cowan
University of Glasgow
Robert A. Wilson
University of Melbourne
Eve Garrard
University of Manchester
Stephen De Wijze
University of Manchester
Diego E. Machuca
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
Alessandra Tanesini
Cardiff University
David Liggins
University of Manchester
Paul Hughes
University of Michigan
John-Stewart Gordon
Vytautas Magnus University
Robert Young
La Trobe University
Alex Miller
University of Otago
Nicholas Southwood
Australian National University
Roger Crisp
University of Oxford
Garrath Williams
University of Lancaster
Alan Thomas
University of York
Peter Shiu-Hwa Tsu
Chung Cheng University
Anita M. Superson
University of Kentucky
Jussi Suikkanen
University of Birmingham
Mark Alfano
Technische Universiteit Delft
Abrol Fairweather
San Francisco State University
Michael Cholbi
California State Polytechnic University, Pomona
David Heyd
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Thaddeus Metz
University of Johannesburg
Julia Driver
Washington University in St. Louis
Andrew Moore
University of Otago

History of Philosophy

Craig Smith
University of Glasgow
David Simpson
Monash University
Mario Gomez-Torrente
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Dale Jacquette
Universität Bern
Michel Bourdeau
Institut d'Histoire et de Philosophie des Sciences
Yitzhak Y. Melamed
Johns Hopkins University
Sandra Lapointe
McMaster University
Marcel van Ackeren
Universität zu Köln
Sophie-Grace Chappell
The Open University
Nicholas Griffin
McMaster University
Desmond M. Clarke
University College Cork – National University of Ireland
Thom Brooks
Durham University
Albert Atkin
Macquarie University
Timothy M. Costelloe
College of William & Mary
James A. Harris
University of St Andrews
Kirk Ludwig
Indiana University Bloomington
Giorgio Pini
Fordham University
Antonia LoLordo
University of Virginia
Dan Zahavi
University of Copenhagen
Gabriel Malenfant
College de Saint-Laurent
Tim O'Keefe
Georgia State University
David Simpson
Monash University
Brian Leiter
University of Chicago
Brian Hutchinson
Metropolitan State University
Rachael Wiseman
University of Liverpool
Beat Wyss
Heidelberg Academy of Sciences
Paul Redding
The University of Sydney
David Duquette
St. Norbert College
Thom Brooks
Durham University
Daniel Flage
James Madison University
Kenneth Pearce
Trinity College Dublin
Henry Somers-Hall
Royal Holloway, University of London
Brandon C. Look
University of Kentucky
Michael Beaney
King's College London
Robert Dostal
Bryn Mawr College
Wahida Khandker
Manchester Metropolitan University
Paul Guyer
Brown University
Lara Denis
Agnes Scott College
Eric Watkins
University of California, San Diego
Brendan Larvor
University of Hertfordshire
Colin Jakob Rittberg
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Hannah Marije Altorf
St. Mary's University
Guy Longworth
The University of Warwick
Jack Reynolds
Deakin University
Peter Gratton
Memorial University of Newfoundland
Adrian Johnston
The University of New Mexico
James Delaney
Niagara University
Christian Skirke
Universiteit van Amsterdam
Isabelle Thomas-Fogiel
University of Ottawa
Guy Longworth
The University of Warwick
John R. Shook
Bowie State University
Keith Allen
University of York
Ruth Boeker
University College Dublin
Tim Thornton
University of Central Lancashire
Emily Thomas
University of Durham
Jon Mandle
University at Albany, State University of New York
Jonathan Riley
Tulane University
Michela Massimi
University of Edinburgh
David Leopold
University of Oxford
Darrell P. Rowbottom
Lingnan University
Duncan F. Kennedy
University of Bristol
Denis McManus
University of Southampton
Annalisa Coliva
University of California, Irvine
Danièle Moyal-Sharrock
University of Hertfordshire
Anat Biletzki
Tel Aviv University and Quinnipiac University
John Sellars
King's College London
Deborah Boyle
College of Charleston
Samuel Brody
University of Kansas
Denis McManus
University of Southampton
Sylvana Tomaselli
University of Cambridge
Wayne Froman
George Mason University
Meirav Almog
University of Haifa
J.C. Berendzen
Loyola University New Orleans
John Marenbon
University of Cambridge
Bernhard Weiss
University of Cape Town
Manuel Bermúdez Vázquez
University of Cordoba
Michael A. Peters
The University of Waikato
Marek Tesar
The University of Auckland
Kirsten Locke
The University of Auckland
Catherine Volpilhac-Auger
Ecole normale supérieure de Lyon
Cary J. Nederman
Texas A & M University
John Preston
University of Reading
Matthew A. Benton
Seattle Pacific University
David Pellauer
DePaul University
Evgenia Mylonaki
University of Athens
Sophie-Grace Chappell
The Open University
Lloyd P. Gerson
University of Toronto
Justin Skirry
Nebraska-Wesleyan University
Raffaella De Rosa
Rutgers University
Neil Gascoigne
Royal Holloway University of London
A.W. Carus
Emily Thomas
University of Durham
Ermanno Malaspina
Università degli Studi di Torino
Jula Wildberger
The American University of Paris
Edward Fullbrook
University of the West of England
Margaret Simons
Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
David Levy
University of Edinburgh
Daniel Watts
University of Essex
Michael Beaney
King's College London
Siobhan Chapman
University of Liverpool
Lambert Zuidervaart
Institute for Christian Studies
Christina Van Dyke
Calvin College
Paul O'Grady
Trinity College Dublin
Johann Sommerville
University of Wisconsin – Madison
Terence Cuneo
University of Vermont
K. Brad Wray
Aarhus University
Brad Majors
Thomas J. Oberdan
Clemson University
Gary Kemp
University of Glasgow
Michael P. Wolf
Washington & Jefferson College
Jeremy Randel Koons
Georgetown University
Michael Slater
Georgetown University
Sharon Kaye
John Carroll University

Legal, Social, and Political Philosophy

James Stacey Taylor
The College of New Jersey
Elizabeth Frazer
University of Oxford
Claudio Corradetti
Università di Roma Tor Vergata
Thom Brooks
Durham University
David Wasserman
Yeshiva University
Kristin Gjesdal
Temple University
Thom Brooks
Durham University
Michael Sevel
University of Sydney Law School
Brian Leiter
University of Chicago
Ian Carter
Università degli Studi di Pavia
Michael Murphy
University of Northern British Columbia
Nenad Miscevic
Central European University
Stephen Turner
University of South Florida
Peter Olen
Lake Sumter State College
Andrew Fiala
California State University, Fresno
Gerald B. Dworkin
University of California, Davis
William A. Edmundson
Georgia State University
Bas van der Vossen
Chapman University
Philip Cam
University of New South Wales
Michael A. Peters
The University of Waikato
Marek Tesar
The University of Auckland
Kirsten Locke
The University of Auckland
Thaddeus Metz
University of Johannesburg
John Oberdiek
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Sven Ove Hansson
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm
Ned Dobos
University of New South Wales Canberra
Keith Hyams
University of Warwick
Igor Shoikhedbrod
University of Toronto
Thom Brooks
Durham University
Angelo Corlett
San Diego State University
Claire Horisk
University of Missouri
Rowan Cruft
University of Stirling
Mari Mikkola
University of Oxford
Emanuela Ceva
Università degli studi di Pavia
Seumas Miller
Charles Sturt University
Seth Lazar
Australian National University
Jonathan Parry
University of Birmingham

Metaphysics

Mark Balaguer
California State University, Los Angeles
Maarten Franssen
Technische Universiteit Delft
Jonathan L. Kvanvig
Washington University in St. Louis
Trent Dougherty
Baylor University
Andrew Bailey
Yale-NUS College
Shane Maxwell Wilkins
Fordham University
Allan Hazlett
Washington University in St. Louis
Jennifer McKitrick
University of Nebraska – Lincoln
Wesley Buckwalter
University of Manchester
Joshua Knobe
Yale University
Shaun Nichols
University of Arizona
N. Ángel Pinillos
Arizona State University
Philip Robbins
University of Missouri
Hagop Sarkissian
City University of New York
Chris Weigel
Utah Valley University
Jonathan M. Weinberg
University of Arizona
Patrick Todd
University of Edinburgh
Mari Mikkola
University of Oxford
Stephanie Rennick
University of Glasgow
Kevin Timpe
Calvin College
Ira Kiourti
Independent Scholar
Marc Lange
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Daniel Z. Korman
University of California, Santa Barbara
Paul R. Daniels
Monash University
Anna-Sofia Maurin
Göteborgs universitet
Yuri Cath
La Trobe University
Michael J. Raven
University of Victoria
Scott A. Shalkowski
University of Leeds
Alexander Bird
University of Bristol
Jody Azzouni
Tufts University
Walter Ott
University of Virginia
Naomi Thompson
University of Southampton
Dana Goswick
The University of Melbourne
Maureen B. Donnelly
University at Buffalo, State University of New York
Eric Olson
University of Sheffield
Daniel Little
University of Michigan–Dearborn
D. Gene Witmer
University of Florida
Albert Atkin
Macquarie University
Kurt Smith
Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania
Sven Rosenkranz
Universitat de Barcelona and ICREA
Alasdair Richmond
University of Edinburgh
Dana Goswick
The University of Melbourne
Paul R. Daniels
Monash University
James Robert Brown
University of Toronto
Kristie Miller
University of Sydney
Alasdair Richmond
University of Edinburgh
Anna-Sofia Maurin
Göteborgs universitet
Aaron M. Griffith
College of William & Mary

Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics

Michael Hoffmann
Georgia Institute of Technology
Kenny Easwaran
Texas A & M University
Paul Humphreys
University of Virginia
Paul Weirich
University of Missouri – Columbia
Zach Weber
University of Otago
Susan Vineberg
Wayne State University
Joe Salerno
Saint Louis University
Mark Balaguer
California State University, Los Angeles
Sorin Bangu
Universitetet i Bergen
John M. Vickers
Claremont Graduate University
Jc Beall
University of Connecticut
John Burgess
Princeton University
Paolo Mancosu
University of California, Berkeley
Christopher Pincock
The Ohio State University
Justin Clarke-Doane
Columbia University
Joel David Hamkins
College of Staten Island, City University of New York
Elaine Landry
University of California, Davis
E. Jennifer Ashworth
University of Waterloo
Mary Leng
University of York
Otávio Bueno
University of Miami
Paul O'Grady
Trinity College Dublin
Pascal Engel
Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS)
Carl Ehrett
Clemson University
Jessica Carter
University of Southern Denmark

Philosophy of Mind and Language

Evan Butts
East Tennessee State University
Gillian Russell
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Matthew Weiner
University of Vermont
Pascal Engel
Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS)
Evan Butts
East Tennessee State University
Michelle Montague
The University of Texas at Austin
Berit Brogaard
University of Miami
Kevan Edwards
Syracuse University
Arvid Båve
University of Kent
Christopher Gauker
Universität Salzburg
Kenneth Aizawa
Rutgers University – Newark
Darragh Byrne
University of Birmingham
Mirko Farina
King's College London
Berit Brogaard
University of Miami
Michael Brady
University of Glasgow
Robert A. Wilson
University of Melbourne
Peter Lamarque
University of York
Anna Ichino
University of Antwerp
Kengo Miyazono
Hiroshima University
Shen-yi Liao
University of Puget Sound
Murat Aydede
University of British Columbia
Sven Bernecker
University of California, Irvine
Aaron Bogart
The University of Sheffield
John Donaldson
University of Glasgow
David Hills
Stanford University
Darragh Byrne
University of Birmingham
Edouard Machery
University of Pittsburgh
Bill Fish
Massey University
Clare Batty
University of Kentucky
Anita Avramides
University of Oxford
David Bain
University of Glasgow
David Skrbina
University of Michigan-Dearborn
Bence Nanay
University of Antwerp
Andreas Elpidorou
University of Louisville
Shaun Gallagher
University of Memphis
Peter Mandik
William Paterson University
Michael P. Wolf
Washington & Jefferson College
José Luis Bermúdez
Texas A&M University
Brandon Towl
Washington University in St. Louis
James Reed
Texas A & M University
Andrew Melnyk
University of Missouri
David Hunter
Ryerson University
Mitchell Green
University of Connecticut
Jeffrey C. King
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Clare Batty
University of Kentucky
Umut Baysan
University of Oxford
Martin Kusch
Universität Wien
Sandy Goldberg
Northwestern University
Agustin Vicente
Ikerbasque, University of the Basque Country
Fernando Martínez Manrique
Universidad de Granada
Marc Champagne
Kwantlen Polytechnic University
Michael Murez
Université de Nantes
François Recanati
Centre national de la recherche scientifique
Felipe Carvalho
Centre national de la recherche scientifique
Robert D. Rupert
University of Colorado at Boulder
Elvira Di Bona
The Van Leer Jerusalem Institute
Mitchell Green
University of Connecticut
Jesper Kallestrup
The University of Edinburgh
Julian Kiverstein
Universiteit van Amsterdam
Mirko Farina
King's College London
Andy Clark
University of Edinburgh
Matthew Nudds
University of Warwick
Keith A. Wilson
University of Oslo
Fiona Macpherson
University of Glasgow
Heimir Geirsson
Iowa State University
Graham Oppy
Monash University
Cara J. Spencer
Howard University
Lubomira Radoilska
University of Kent

Philosophy of Religion

Graham Oppy
Monash University
Matt McCormick
California State University, Sacramento
Justin McBrayer
Fort Lewis College
Klaas J. Kraay
Ryerson University
Aylish Chantler
Ryerson University
Kirk Lougheed
Ryerson University
Jonathan L. Kvanvig
Washington University in St. Louis
Jonathan L. Kvanvig
Washington University in St. Louis
Stelios Virvidakis
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Vasso Kindi
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Keith E. Yandell
Trinity International University
J. Brian Pitts
University of Cambridge
Trent Dougherty
Baylor University
Klaas J. Kraay
Ryerson University
Trent Dougherty
Baylor University
Scott Cleveland
University of Mary

Philosophy of Science

Justin Dallmann
Dufresne Group
Franz Huber
University of Toronto
Paul Dicken
University of New South Wales
James Marcum
Baylor University
Slobodan Perović
University of Belgrade
Ashley Graham Kennedy
Florida Atlantic University
Décio Krause
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Jonas R. B. Arenhart
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Eric Oberheim
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Paul Hoyningen-Huene
Leibniz Universität Hannover
Joseph Pitt
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Steven Mischler
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Carl Craver
Washington University in St. Louis
Beate Krickel
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Roman Frigg
London School of Economics and Political Science
Pieter E. Vermaas
Delft University of Technology
Ibo Van de Poel
Delft University of Technology
Rafaela Hillerbrand
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie
Grant Ramsey
KU Leuven, University of Leuven
Hugh Desmond
KU Leuven, University of Leuven
William Mark Goodwin
University of South Florida
Raymond Turner
University of Essex
Craig Fox
University of Western Ontario
Marie Gueguen
University of Western Ontario
Adam Koberinski
University of Western Ontario
Chris Smeenk
University of Western Ontario
Jeremy Howick
University of Oxford
Ashley Graham Kennedy
Florida Atlantic University
Alexander Mebius
University of Oxford
Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis
Københavns Universitet
Søren Riis
Roskilde Universitet
Evan Selinger
Rochester Institute of Technology
Stig Andur Pedersen
Roskilde Universitet
Sahotra Sarkar
University of Texas at Austin
Alan Love
University of Minnesota
William Wimsatt
University of Chicago
Joseph Pitt
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Steven Mischler
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Ilkka Niiniluoto
Helsingin yliopisto
Juha Saatsi
University of Leeds
Mauricio Suárez
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Thomas Nickles
University of Nevada, Reno
Helen E. Longino
Stanford University
James Ladyman
University of Bristol
Alasdair Richmond
University of Edinburgh

World Philosophy

William Edelglass
Marlboro College
Bryan W. Van Norden
Vassar College
Eric L. Hutton
University of Utah
Thaddeus Metz
University of Johannesburg
Jung Lee
Northeastern University
Shyam Ranganathan
York University
Tomomi Asakura
Kobe City University
Susana Nuccetelli
St. Cloud State University
Stephen Angle
Wesleyan University

We want to hear from you.
Oxford Bibliographies is a partnership between the publisher and the academic community, and we invite you to participate. Please feel welcome to email Dana Bricken, our development editor, with comments, suggestions, or questions.